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Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY


An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

MARK LESTER E. ERTEZ


AR521S4/AR52FA1

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT

The government complex is the centre of Community and Economic Development that program coordination and workers

administration

provides

property-liability,

compensation and unemployment coverages to municipalities, counties, schools and other public or quasi-public entities, as well as health and safety services and trainings. Additionally,

it provides participating groups with a secure source of funding


for unemployment needs.
MARK LESTER E. ERTEZ
AR521S4/AR52FA1

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

THE LOT IS LOCATED IN:


MAHARLIKA HIGHWAY, DIVERSION ROAD, ILAYANG DUPAY, LUCENA CITY Near at the Grand Terminal of Lucena City

MARK LESTER E. ERTEZ


AR521S4/AR52FA1

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

MARK LESTER E. ERTEZ


AR521S4/AR52FA1

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

Computation of the Maximum Allowable PSO, AMBF, ISA, MACA, TGFA, and NUMBER OF STOREYS, Minimum Allowable USA, TOSL, and FLAR Designation Rights Based from the National Building Code of the Philippines.
PROPOSED PROJECT: Institutional Total Lot Area (TLA) = 117,204 sq. m Percentage of Site Occupancy (PSO) = 60% Allowable Maximum Building Footprint (AMBF) AMBF = PSO x TLA = 0.60 x 117,204 sq. m = 70,322.4 sq. m Min. Total Open Space within Lot (TOSL) TOSL = 50% x TLA = 0.50 x 117,204 sq. m = 58,602 sq. m (Minimum)

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

Max. Allowable Impervious Area (ISA) ISA = 20% x TLA = 0.20 x 117,204 = 23,440.8 sq. m

Min. Allowable Unpaved Area (ISA) ISA = 20% x TLA = 0.20 x 117,204 = 23,440.8 sq. m

Max. Allowable Construction Area (MACA) MACA = AMBF + ISA = 70,322.4 + 23,440.8 = 93,773.2 sq. m

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

FLAR Designation Rights for Institution = 2.50 m Max. Total Gross Floor Area (TGFA) TGFA = FLAR x TLA = 2.50 x 117,204 = 293,010 sq. m Max. Number of Storeys = TGFA / TLA = 293,010 117,204 = 4 Storeys (Proposal 3 Storeys)

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

OPEN SPACE PERCENTAGE


PARKS / PLAYGROUND Quadrangle = 1,674.11 sq. m Open Area = 11,173.7618 sq. m
12,847.8718 sq. m STREET / SIDE WALK Roads = 8, 950.6157 sq. m Walkways = 1,982.5688 sq. m 10,933.1845 sq. m PARKING TGFA / 150 sq. m = 106 Parking slot minimum Parking Area = 2,207.3284 sq. m (Bus, Private Car, Motorcycle, PWD )

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

PERMEABLE AREAS Areas = 2,154.6731 sq. m WATER BODIES Pond = Fountain = SETBACKS Front = Right-side = Left-side = Rear = Area =

50.2654 sq. m 452.3893 sq. m

- Lacauan River ( Right-side of the S

502.6547 sq. m
19,030.8294 sq. m 11,033.4172 sq. m 10,854.5791 sq. m 45,757,7998 sq. m 86,676.6255 sq. m

EASMENT Lacauan River = 1,194.2519 sq. m TOTAL OPEN SPACE = 116,516.5899 sq. m
An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Space Requirement

Activity No. of Manual Pedal Pivotal Total Furn. / Change No.of & Disaster Unit Risk Total Circ. Architecture Total Overall Towards a Climate Responsive Users 0.58 0.96 2.70 Area Fix. Furn. & Dim. Of Area Multp. Area Area sq. m sq. m sq. m Sq.m Equip. Fix. Furniture Sq.m Sq.m Sq.m (A) (B) (C) (A+B+C) MAIN LOBBY Table 1.16 Chair

Information Desk Security Desk Telephone Booths Public CR Male

Female

PWD

Standing Sitting Standing Inspect Calling Standing Sitting Standing Walking Sitting Walking Standing Sitting Walking Standing Sitting Standing Walking Sitting Standing Walking

1 2

0.45 x0.45 0.405 0.80 x 2.40 0.945

30%

0.75

3.26

2
4 8

1.16
2.32 7.68

7.68

Table Phone Booth WC Urinal Lav. WC Lav.

1
4 4 4 2 8 2

0.45 x 1.50

1.20

30%
20% 46%

0.71
1.08 4.97

3.07
4.96 15.77

0.52 x 0.75 1.56 0.46 x 0.75 1.38 0.47 x 0.70 1.316 0.42 x0.502 0.423 0.46 x 0.75 2.76 0.42 x0.502 0.422 0.345 0.211 0.329 0.96 0.6075 0.45 0.96 0.6075 0.45

46%

4.50

15.86

Private Office General Office

WC 1 0.46 x 0.75 1 0.96 Lav. 1 0.42 x0.502 Urinal 1 0.47 x 0.70 TAX COLLECTION AND FINANCE DEPARTMENT Table 1 0.80 x 1.20 3 2.88 Chair 3 0.45 x 0.45 File Cab 1 0.50 x 0.90 Table 1 0.80 x 1.20 8 7.68 Chair 3 0.45 x 0.45 File Cab 1 0.50 x 0.90

80%

1.48

3.33

40%

1.96

6.86

50%

4.859

14.55

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

MAIN BUILDING Ground Floor : 3,125.4538 sq. m Second Floor : 3,618.9538 sq. m Third Floor : 3,112.5467 sq. m GFA (Gross Floor Area) BUILDING 2 Ground Floor : Second Floor : Third Floor : = 9,856.9543 sq. m

1,867.2007 sq. m 1,797.392 sq. m 1,839.8314 sq. m = 5,504.4241 sq. m

GFA (Gross Floor Area)

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

CANTEEN AREA Ground Floor Area : 206.8706 sq. m FIRE STATION BUILDING Ground Floor : 288.64 sq. m Second Floor : 191.20 sq. m GFA (Gross Floor Area) = 479.84 sq. m

Total GFA = 16,048.089 sq. m

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

MAIN BUILDING Ground Floor : 2,944.3756 sq. m Second Floor : 3,178.4152 sq. m Third Floor : 2,672.0081 sq. m
NFA (Net Floor Area) BUILDING 2 Ground Floor : Second Floor : Third Floor : = 8,794.7989 sq. m

1,750.9499 sq. m 1,664.9412 sq. m 1,707.3806 sq. m = 5,123.2717 sq. m

NFA (Net Floor Area)

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

CANTEEN AREA Ground Floor Area : 188.1118 sq. m

FIRE STATION BUILDING Ground Floor : 279.28 sq. m Second Floor : 182.56 sq. m NFA (Net Floor Area) = 461.84 sq. m

Total NFA = 14,568.0224 sq. m

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

Green Eco- symmetry Revolution


A Structure that environmental friendly, highly secured zone, functional and accessible to end users. That has aesthetically pleasing proportionality and balance so as to reflect beauty and perfection.

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL
Green Eco Architecture

To reduce the environmental impact of building To include measures to reduce energy consumption To reduce water consumption and protecting water quality Truly sustainable materials require less maintenance

URBAN CONCEPT
Radial Urban Design is the regular arrangement of body parts around a central axis.

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

FORM CONCEPT :

COCONUT SEED

TOP VIEW

BUILDING FORM
An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT:
- is a beam anchored at only one end. The beam carries the load to the support where it is resisted by moment and shear stress.
CANTILEVER

POST AND LINTEL

- Is a system in which two upright members, the posts, hold up the beams which are laid horizontally across their top surfaces. Two vertical posts on either side of a lintel hold up the beam and everything above the opening. This is a strong support when the structure is level and gravity pulls down evenly on the structure. - is a force equally opposed by another force in the opposite direction, meaning that they cancel out each other so the object does not move, unlike an unbalanced force, where the object will move because one force over powers the other.

BALANCED FORCE

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

LOCAL ARCHITECTURE

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

ZONING MAP

THE SITE

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND CLIMATE CHANGE

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

Structural Building for Earthquake


Ground steel beam should be designed and joined together by at least one foot apart; this should allow an overlap on the line of the building. Build floors with light materials Construct walls with light materials Steel Braced Frame - This is commonly a concrete on steel deck floor/roof system and is supported by steel beams and columns Concrete Moment Frame - This building is reinforced concrete frame with reinforced concrete diaphragms Tie walls, floors, roofs and foundations to a rigid box of steel. This is based on the fact that earthquake exerts sideways load on buildings

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

Floor Area Ration (FAR)


Gross Floor Area (GFA) =16,048.089 sq. m Total Lot Area (TLA) =117,204 sq. m GFA = TLA x FLAR FLAR = GFA / TLA = 16,048.089 sq. m / 117,204 sq. m FLAR = 0.1369

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

BLDG. 1 FRONT ELEVATION

BLDG. 2 ELEVATION ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

Building 2

Light rays Building 1

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY

Towards a Climate Change & Disaster Risk Responsive Architecture

An Interaction between the Institution and the Environment

ONE GOVERNMENT; ONE CITY