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HP-LP BY PASS SYSTEM

For matching of live steam and turbine


metal temp. for a quick start up, by-pass
stations have been provided, which dump
the steam to the condenser through
pressure reducing station and de-super
heaters, during the period steam
parameters at the boiler are being raised.
These stations, in addition to the quick
start of turbine and low noise level, also
economize the consumption of DM water.
ADVANTAGE
With the use of turbine by pass station it is
possible to buildup the matching steam
parameters at the boiler outlet during any
regime of starting, independent of the
steam flow through turbine, the steam
generated by boiler, and not utilized by
turbine during startup or shutdown, is
conserved with in the power cycle and
thus losses of steam into the atm. is cut
down to barest minimum.
Shorten the start up time
HP BY PASS SYSTEM
To establish flow at the outlet sh for raising boiler
parameters during start-up

To maintain or control steam pressure at per set
value in main steam line during start-up

To warm up steam lines

To control steam temp down stream of hp bypass
at the preset value

To dump steam from boiler to condenser in case
the generator circuit breaker opens
LP BY PASS SYSTEM
CONTROL OF STEAM PRESSURE AFTER
RE-HEATER
ESTBALISH FLOW OF STEAM FROM
REHEAT LINES TO CONDENSER BY ITS
OPENING, PROPORTIONAL TO THE
OPENING OF HP BY PASS VALVES
RELEASED OF STEAM ENTRAPPED IN HPT
AND REHEATER CIRCUIT IN CASE
GENERATOR CIRCUIT BREAKER OPENS
OIL UNIT SUPPLY
THE OIL SUPPLY UNIT FOR HP BYPASS
AND THE LP BYPASS ARE CONNECTED IN
PARALLEL
START UP PROCEDURE
OPERATION
With the start up of the boiler, the
pressure set point has to be adjusted
manually. If too large a deviation
between the measured pressure and
the set-point shall occure, the alarms
will be given.
Deviation will be given for a positive
as wall as a negative difference.

CONTINUE
The hp bypass station controls and
maintains the upstream pressure at the
desired preset value when in operation. As
soon as the entire steam available from sh
oulet is swallowed by hp turbine, the hp
bypass station shall get closed under
automatic controller action
The hp bypass, once closed shall cut in
under pressure impulse only if the
generated ckt breaker opens
INTERLOCKS
GENERATOR CKT BREAKER
CONDENSER VACUUM TO LOW
HP-VALVE-POSITION(<2%)
HP VALVE POSITION <2%
When turbine is running or not running and the
control of hp bypass valve is on manual, the
memory will get closing signal through AND logic
, if the valve position is <2%.

When turbine is running and control of hp bypass
valve is on auto, the memory will get closing
signal through AND logic , if the valve position is
<2%

When the turbine is not running and control of hp
bypass valve are on auto, there is no closing
signal to memory whatever is the position of the
valve and thus pressure control loop will actuate
valve