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Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Publisher
The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.
Tinley Park, Illinois
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Chapter 15
Doors and
Windows
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Introduction
Doors and windows perform several
functions.
They shield an opening from the elements.
Add decoration and expand visibility.
Emphasize the overall design.
Provide light and ventilation.
Planning is necessary to provide
maximum design and function.
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Interior and Exterior Doors
Several door classification systems are
used to identify types of doors.
Two broad classes are interior and exterior
doors.
Doors also may be grouped according to
method of construction, uses, function, or
location.
Doors are typically 6'-8" high and
available in various widths.
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Interior Doors
Common types of interior doors include:
Flush, panel, bi-fold, sliding, pocket, double-
action, accordion, Dutch, and French.
Interior doors should be at least 32" wide
for wheelchair passage.
Lever or pull-handles may be easier for a
handicapped person.
(continued)
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Interior Doors
Flush Doors
Smooth on both sides.
Generally 1-3/8" thick.
Hollow-core doors with wood frame.
Available in widths of 2'-0" to 3'-0" in
increments of 2".
Surfaces usually covered with 1/8"
Masonite or plywood of mahogany or birch.
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Interior Doors
Flush door and symbol.
(continued)
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Interior Doors
Panel Doors
Frame and panel construction.
Vertical frame members are called stiles.
Horizontal frame members are called rails.
Panels are thinner than frame and fill the
space between stiles and rails.
Panels may be wood, glass, metal, etc.
Frame may be made from white pine,
plastic, or other woods.
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Interior Doors
LeftTypical panel door.
RightPanel door with plan view symbol.
(Morgan Products Ltd.)
(continued)
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Interior Doors
Bi-Fold Doors
Two-part door, hinged in the center.
Supported with conventional hinges or secured
to the head jamb and floor with a pivot hinge.
May be flush, paneled, or louvered.
Popular as closet doors.
Installed as pairs (panels 1'-0" to 2'-0" wide).
Heights of 6'-8" and 8'-0" available.
Wood or plastic 1-1/8" thick and metal 1" thick.
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Interior Doors
LeftBi-fold door with panels.
RightBi-fold door with plan view symbol.
(Morgan Products Ltd.)
(continued)
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Exterior Doors
Residential exterior and interior doors
are similar in many ways, but have
decided differences.
Exterior doors are generally solid core
and thicker than interior doors.
Exterior doors may have one or more
glass panels to provide visibility.
Exterior door styles include flush, panel,
and swinging or sliding glass doors.
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Exterior Doors
These are standard plan view symbols
of common exterior doors.
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Exterior Doors
Flush Doors
One of the most popular exterior doors.
Wood flush doors are generally 1-3/4" thick
and 3'-0" wide; other widths are available.
Doors are made from birch, mahogany,
oak, or metal.
Moldings or other decorative millwork may
be added to enhance the appearance.
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Exterior Doors
This exterior flush door has decorative
molding and a large, leaded-glass light.
(Peachtree Doors, Inc.)
(continued)
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Exterior Doors
Panel Doors
Exterior panel doors are available in a
great variety of styles.
They are constructed from white pine, oak,
fir, various other woods, metal, and
plastics.
Produced in the same sizes as flush doors.

(continued)
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Exterior Doors
A traditional exterior panel door.
(continued)
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Exterior Doors
Sliding glass
door sizes.
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Specifying Doors
Each door used in a residential plan
should appear in a door schedule.
The specifications for each door will
appear in the door schedule.
Use manufacturers literature for
specifications.
Place the door schedule on the sheet
with the floor plan or elevations.
(continued)
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Specifying Doors
Typical door schedule.
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Door Details
Most interior and exterior doors are
placed in a door jamb.
The door jamb fits inside the rough
opening.
Jambs may be wood or metal.
A jamb consists of two side jambs and a
head jamb.
Exterior jambs are usually 1-1/8" thick
and interior jambs are 3/4" thick.
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Door Jamb
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Windows
Windows
Admit light from outside.
Provide fresh air and ventilation.
Help create an atmosphere inside.
Add detail, balance, and design to the
exterior of the house.
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Window Types
Many types of windows are available.
Most types have unique proportions.
Windows are made from wood, metal,
or plastic.
Construction differs by manufacturer.
It is important to obtain window
specifications from the manufacturer.
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Window Types
Typical windows.
(Caradco)
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Window
Types
Typical windows.
(continued)
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Window Types
There are three basic types of windows
used in residential construction.
Sliding.
Swinging.
Fixed.
Combination windows combine two or
more types.
Skylights and clerestory windows are
location specific.
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Sliding Windows
Double-hung and horizontal sliding are
the two types of sliding windows generally
used in residential construction.
Double-hung windows have two major
assemblies called sashes.
Each sash may be opened.
Muntins divide the glass area of a window
into smaller units.
Mullions are placed between window units.
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Sliding Windows
Four different sizes are usually given for
each window
Basic unit size: Overall dimensions of the
window.
Rough opening size: Dimensions of the
framed space in the wall.
Sash opening: Outside dimensions of sash.
Glass size: Inside dimensions of the sash.
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Double-Hung Window Details
Unit sizes.
(continued)
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Horizontal Sliding Window Details
Unit sizes.
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Swinging Windows
There are four common types of
swinging windows:
Casement, awning, hopper, and jalousie.
A casement window may have several
sashes or a single sash.
Sashes are hinged at the side and swing
outward.
Sashes may be opened using a crank or
push bar.
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Casement Windows
(Marvin Windows)
(continued)
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Casement Windows
Unit sizes.
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Casement Windows
A dashed line may be used in the
elevation to indicate the hinge position.
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Awning Windows
Each sash in an awning
window is hinged at the
top.
May have one or more
sashes.
Usually crank operated.
(Caradco)
(continued)
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Awning Windows
Unit sizes.
(continued)
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Hopper Windows
(Andersen Corporation)
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Hopper Windows
A hopper window is usually hinged at
the bottom and swings inward.
Opened by a lock-handle at the top of
the sash.
Usually made as a single unit only.
Popular for basements; directs air
upward.
Inward swing is the major disadvantage.
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Hopper Windows
Unit sizes.
(continued)
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Fixed Windows
Fixed windows provide a view and/or
admit light.
They do not permit ventilation.
Usually custom made.
Do not open.
Examples include picture windows,
circle top windows, and special shapes.
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Picture Windows
Picture windows are fixed-glass units.
They are usually rather large.
Generally frame a view.
Often the center unit of a group of regular
windows.
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Picture Windows
(Pella/Rolscreen Company)
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Circle Top Windows
Circle top windows are typically installed
above another window or installed as
single units.
They are available as:
Quarter circles.
Half circles.
Ellipses.
Full circles.
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Circle Top Windows
LeftCircle top window with casement window.
RightCircle top window with double-hung
windows.
(Shouldice/Peachtree Doors, Inc.)
(continued)
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Circle Top Windows
Unit sizes.
(continued)
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Window Schedules
A window schedule provides information
about each window in the house.
Types of information include:
Type of window and size.
Identifying symbol and quantity.
Rough opening size.
Manufacturers identification number.
See example of window schedule in text.