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Applying Archimedes

Principle
Previous Lesson
1. Pressure
What is Pressure??
Pressure is defined as force per unit
area
P = F
A
2. Pressure in liquids
P = hg
Learning Outcomes:
At the end of this lesson, you
should be able to:

Explain Buoyant Force
Relate buoyant force to the
weight of the fluid displaced
State Archimedes Principle
Todays Activities:
1. Class activity to investigate
the relationship between the
buoyant force and weight of
fluid displaced.

2. Group discussion on
Archimedes Principles
application.
LETS THINK ABOUT
THIS SITUATION!
SITUATION 1 SITUATION 2

Lift a rock in water










Lift a rock in air
Which situation is easier ?? Why??
LETS TRY THIS!!
This is due to a force that we
call as BUOYANT FORCE.

What is actually BUOYANT
FORCE??
What is Buoyant
Force??
An upward force resulting from an
object being wholly or partially
immersed in a fluid.
Buoyant Force is.
What is the relationship between the buoyant
force and the weight of fluid displaced??
Buoyant force
Liquid
displaced
ACTIVITY !!!
To investigate the relationship
between the buoyant force and
the weight of fluid displaced
BUOYANT FORCE
OBSERVATION AND DATA
WEIGHT IN AIR

WEIGHT IN WATER

WEIGHT OF EMPTY BEAKER

WEIGHT OF BEAKER PLUS
DISPLACED WATER
The story behind the principle
king had new gold crown and
suspicious that the jeweler
hadnt cheated him by adding
another material.
The king asked Archimedes to
solve his problem by not
changing the shape of the gold
crown.
Still concentrating on the
problem,Archimedes immersed
himself in the water.
The water spilled over the sides of
the tub and onto the floor.
Arhimedes reasoned : there must
be a relationship between volume
and volume of water that his body
displaced.
This observation brought
Archimedes back to the problem of
the gold crown.
Archimedes find gold and silver
that had the same mass.
He dropped both metal in water
and observe the water that
spilled out.
Athough they had the same
mass, the silver spilled out more
water because the silver less
dense than the gold.
Archimedes check the crown.
He placed gold crown n pure
gold that had the same mass in
water.
The crown displaced more
water.
The density was less than the
pure gold.
The king had been cheated!!
ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE
State that,
when an object is wholly or
partially immersed in a fluid, it
experiences a buoyant force
equal to the weight of fluid
displaced.
ACTIVITY !!!
Applications of Archimedes
Principle

HYDROMETER
PLIMSOL LINE
SUBMARINE
HOT AIR BALLOON

In group, find..
- The working principle
- How Archimedes Principle was applied?

Ship
a) The ship may sink too deeply
into water due to overloading or
changes in water density when
sails from one ocean to another
ocean.
b) Plimsoll Line is mark on the hull
of all ships to show the depths
which are safe for them to
navigate.
c) Normal density = B
Freshwater = F or TF
Cool ocean = W

Submarine (Kapal selam)
Submarine has ballast tank to control its position
and depth below sea level.
To float halve, water in ballast tank is driven out
until the buoyant force is equal to weight of
submarine.
To fully float, water in ballast tank is driven out
until the buoyant force is bigger than the weight of
submarine
To submerged, water is pumped into ballast tank
until weight of submarine is bigger than buoyant
force.

Hot-air Balloons
a) The weight of balloon is decrease
when its envelope is filled with gas of
lower density than air (such as
hydrogen or helium)
b) Total weight = weight of fabric +
weight of gas in envelope
c) When buoyant force = total weight of
the balloon, it remains stationary or
move upward with constant velocity.
d) When buoyant force > total weight of
the balloon, it accelerates upward.

HYDROMETER
Is used to compare /
determine the
density of liquids.
Lead shots is placed
at the bottom to
makes the
hydrometer upright
(tegak) in the liquid.
In denser liquid,
hydrometer will float
more because
volume / weight of
liquid displaced is
smaller than in less
dense liquid.
Learning Outcomes
1. Explain Buoyant Force


2. Relate buoyant force to the weight of the
liquid displaced


3. State Archimedes Principle


The upward force resulting from an object being
wholly or partially immersed in a fluid.
BUOYANT FORCE = WEIGHT OF THE LIQUID DISPLACED
(for an object which immersed wholly or partially in fluid)
State that when object is wholly or partially immersed in a fluid,
it experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid
displaced.
Homework!!
1. Page 100 in text book
Question 1 and 2

Thats all for today
Thank you for your attention!!