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ARCHITECTURAL

PROGRAMMING

REYES, TIMOTHY JAMES S.


2 0 0 7 1 0 6 5 9 4

The city jail of Muntinlupa is currently overcrowded and


poses a great threat to the detainees health and lifestyle.
The facility itself is also deteriorating and out-dated. The
researcher is tasked to prepare a proposal for the new
Muntinlupa City Jail that will address the current issues and
problems of the existing facility.
The facility should help the officers in rehabilitation and
wellbeing of the inmates. Its design and functionality must
be innovative in nature and radical.

PROBLEM

To improve the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs of


the administration through radical approach

To provide a humane facility that will cater not only the


inmates but also the officers and visitors

To update and uplift the environment and surroundings of


the city jail

To create an efficient and sustainable facility for the BJMP


Administration

DESIGN

Physical Learning Environment


Facilities that support
users

the

It is argued that the physical environment can contribute to


the quality of the education and helps the student learn more.
Academic facilities, libraries and media centers shape the
learning experience to optimize the exchange of ideas across
disciplines.
Having a learning environment for the detainees will help
them to be knowledgeable and improve the quality of
rehabilitation that they undertake. It will promote values, skills,
standards and principles: matters that equip the most
dangerous sector of our society to reform and recuperate from
an undisciplined past. The effects of the learning environment
not only boost their morale and hope for the future but also
D E S and
I G worthy
N CONCEPT
their stay inside the facility will be meaningful

Cluster Development Planning


Spaces will be clustered in order to gain maximum security
throughout the site. The site itself will become the first line of
defence against unexpected events. This will ensure that the
jail wardens still have the authority over the detainees but still
giving them limited liberty in order to have a peaceful
environment.

DESIGN CONCEPT

Enhancing human behavior through


the influence of architecture.
Human nature is concerned with relationships between
people and their social and artificially created environments
and focuses on how human beings function together and are
influenced by each other and nature.

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

Building Height Limit (BHL) by Type of Use or Occupancy


15.00 meters (or must follow the duly-approved BHL in the major zone
it is part of)

General Requirements for Occupant Loads and Exits


Unit area per occupant will be 8.40 square meters and minimum of
two (2) Exits other than elevators are required where number of occupants
is over 5.

Number of Parking Slot


One (1) off-street cum on-site car parking slot for every twenty five
(25) beds; and one (1) off-RROW (or off-street) passenger loading space
that can accommodate two (2) queued jeepney/shuttle slots

D E S I G N C O N S I D E R AT I O N S

Basic Components of a Jail Facility


For a jail to function properly, basic structures are needed:
Administration Building, Jail Building, Primary and Secondary Fences,
Kitchen, Yard, Sanitary Installations, Infirmary, Multi-Purpose Buildings,
Elevated Water Tank, Adequate Drainage, and Garbage Collection
Facility

Security
To maintain and reinforce the security aspect, the jail, in its
conceptual stage alone, should include a perimeter fence with guard
towers. There may be one or several barriers and fences around the jail
premises. The jail compound may be enclosed by a buffer zone which is
provided by a secondary fence. This will serve as the first line of
defense against any untoward incidents.

Fence Design
The minimum height of the perimeter fence from the finish grade
line to the top shall not be less than 4.00m Additional 1.00m shall be
added for barbed wire provision. It is made from 6 CHB.
The minimum height of the secondary fence from the finish grade line
to the top shall not be less than 2.50m. Additional 0.60m height shall
be added for barbed wire provision. Welded wire/ Steel Matting can be
used for secondary fence. D E S I G N C O N S I D E R A T I O

NS

I N M AT E S
WAKE
UP

REHAB
PROGRAM
ENTERTAIN
VISITOR

BREAKFAS
T

ASSEMBL
E

FRESHEN
UP
RELA
X
SLEE
P

ATTEND
TRIAL
ARRIVA
L
FRESHE
N
UP

DINNE
R

ASSEMBL
E

LUNC
H

REHAB
PROGRAM
SPORTS / RELAX

VISITORS
ARRIVAL

LOG IN

INTERACT AND
SOCIALIZE

VISITATION
HALL

INSPECTION

LEAVE

WAKE
UP

PREPAR
E

WOR
K

BREA
K
SLEE
P

WOR
K
RELA
X

FRESHEN
UP
EA
T

BJMP OFFICERS
WORK
ARRIVA
L

REPOR
T

EA
T

GUARD
OBSERV
E

WORK
BREA
K

LEAV
E

GUARD
OBSERV
E
REPOR
T

B E H AV I O R A L
A N A LY S I S

M A I N T E N A N C E S TA F F

O N E 1 : A D M I N I S T R AT I V E Z O N E

ZONE 4: MAINTENANCE ZON

FRONT DESK

KITCHEN, PANTRY

WARDENS OFFICES

LAUNDRY, DRYING

MAIN CONTROL ROOM

WATER TANKS AND PUMPS

SECURITY OFFICES

MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITY

GUARD TOWERS

OPERATIONS ROOM

VISITING HALL

JANITORS CLOSETS

GUARD AREAS

ONE 2: HOUSING ZONE


MALE DETENTION CELL
FEMALE DETENTION CELL

ZONE

MALE COMMUNAL SHOWER

FEMALE COMMUNAL SHOWER

O N E 3 : R E H A B I L I TAT I O N Z O N E
QUADRANGLE FOR SPORTS

ZONE
ZONE

ECUMENICAL CHAPEL, ROOMS


SEMINAR AND DIAGNOSTICS
LECTURE ROOMS

ZONE

LIBRARY
CONSULTATION ROOM
CLINIC AND WARDS
HANDICRAFTS AREA

FUNCTIONAL ZONING

EDUCATION
TRAINING
THERAPEUTIC
MORAL & SPIRITUAL

WORK
LIVELIHOOD
SPORTS

MAINTENANC
E
SERVICES

DORMITORIES

MEDICA
L
DENTAL
LEGEND:

PARKING
SPACES

ADMINISTRATIVE
VISITING

OFFICERS
I N M AT E S
VISITORS

ENTRY / EXIT
VEHICLE

ENTRY / EXIT
PEDESTRIAN

S TA F F

C I R C U L AT O RY D I A G R A M

EDUCATION
TRAINING
THERAPEUTIC
MORAL & SPIRITUAL

WORK
LIVELIHOOD
SPORTS

MAINTENANC
E
SERVICES

DORMITORIES

SERVICE ACCESS

PARKING
SPACES

ENTRY / EXIT
VEHICLE

ADMINISTRATIVE
VISITING

MEDICA
L
DENTAL

LEGEND:
D I R E C T LY
ADJACENT
ADJACENT

ENTRY / EXIT
PEDESTRIAN

ACCESSIBL
E
V E N T I L AT I
ON

I N T E R - R E L AT I O N S H I P D I A G R A M

LEGEND:
PROXIMITY
NE C ESS ARY
PROXIMITY
DESIRABLE

A D M I N I S T R AT I V E

D O R M I T O RY H O U S I N G

WORK AND LIVELIHOOD

M E D I C A L A N D D E N TA L

E D U C AT I O N A N D T R A I N I N G

THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY

MORAL AND SPIRITUAL

SPORTS AN D
R E C R E AT I O N A L
MAINTENANCE AND
O P E R AT I O N S

PROXIMITY
UNDESIRAB
LE

A D J A C E N C Y M AT R I X

DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT


SECRETARY
BJMP NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS
NATIONAL DIRECTOR
BJMP REGIONAL OFFICES
REGIONAL DIRECTOR
BJMP MUNTINLUPA
CITY JAIL WARDEN

DEPUTY CHIEF FOR ADMINISTRATION

DEPUTY CHIEF FOR OPERATION

CHIEF OF DIRECTORIAL STAFF


DIRECTORATE FOR
DIRECTORATE FOR
PROGRAM
AND DEVELOPMENT
HUMAN RESOURCE AND DEVELOPMENT
DIRECTORATE FOR
PERSONNEL AND RECORDS MANAGEMENT

DIRECTORATE FOR OPERATIONS


DIRECTORATE FOR LOGISTICS

DIRECTORATE FOR
INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION

DIRECTORATE FOR COMPTROLLERSHIP

DIRECTORATE FOR INTELLIGENCE


DIRECTORATE FOR
INMATES WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT

O R G A N I Z AT I O N A L C H A RT

USERS
INMATES

ACTIVITIES
ASSEMBLY

SPACE NEEDED
VISITING HALL

MAINTENANCE STAFF

SUNNING

DORMITORY CELLS

ISOLATED INMATES

EXERCISE

COMMUNAL SHOWER

EAT

QUADRANGLE

ATTEND TRAINING

LECTURE ROOMS

ATTEND SEMINARS

WORKSHOP

ATTEND LECTURES

FUNCTION ROOMS

DO CHORES

TOILETS

DO WORKS

STORAGE

FRESHEN UP

CLINIC

PLAY

CONSULTATION ROOM

RELAX

GENERAL WARD

SLEEP

SURGICAL ROOM

ARRIVAL

VISITING HALL

LOG IN

TOILET
CHAPEL

INSPECTED

PARKING
AREA
LAUNDRY AREA

WAITING

FRONT
DESK
KITCHEN

INTERACT WITH INMATES

PANTRY

EAT

MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITY

VISITORS

NO.
900

100

LIBRARY

U S E R A N A LY S I S
JANITORS CLOSET

USERS
JAIL OFFICERS

NO.
100

ACTIVITIES
REPORTING IN

SPACE NEEDED
FRONT DESK

WARDENS

GUARD

OFFICES

STAFFS

INSPECT

MAIN CONTROL ROOM

OBSERVE

SECURITY OFFICES

DO PAPERWORKS

GUARD TOWERS

EAT

WEAPONS CLOSET

ASSIST INMATES

VISITING HALL

REHABILITATE INMATES

TOILETS
GUARD AREAS

WORKSHOP
FUNCTION ROOMS
CONSULTATION ROOM
GENERAL WARD
SURGICAL ROOM
LIBRARY
CHAPEL
LAUNDRY AREA
KITCHEN
PANTRY

S PA C E P R O G R A M M I N G

S PA C E P R O G R A M M I N G

S PA C E P R O G R A M M I N G

Concept Development

Physical Learning Environment Facilities that support


the users
It is argued that the physical environment can
contribute to the quality of the education and helps the
student learn more. Academic facilities, libraries and media
centers shape the learning experience to optimize the
exchange of ideas across disciplines.

ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT

Cluster Development Planning


Spaces will be clustered in order to gain maximum
security throughout the site. The site itself will become the
first line of defence against unexpected events. This will
ensure that the jail wardens still have the authority over the
detainees but still giving them limited liberty in order to
have a peaceful environment thus allowing them to create
their own environment that they can call home.

ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT

Cluster Development Planning Form


Concept

Volumes
are
created in order to
enclose
the
cluster.

Voids
and
open
spaces are created in
order to allow natural
light
and
air
ventilation.

ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT

Double Layer of Perimeter Wall


Another layer of perimeter wall will be constructed in
order to improve the security on the site. Off site location
doesnt provide much buffer between the public and the
facility.

Perimeter Buffer Zones


Between the layers of the perimeter wall will be an open
space buffer zone that can be easily monitored to prevent
inmates from escaping. The artificial buffer zone will be
unobstructed and only accessible by staff.

SECURITY CONCEPT

Standard Reinforced Concrete Construction (Post


and Lintel)

Reinforced concrete will be applied on all elements of the building. The


reinforcements are steel reinforcing bars or rebars that will be embedded
in the concrete. This will help the concrete to be strong, ductile and durable
that can resist compression and tension forces that are present on the
building.

The type of structure will be a typical post and lintel construction.


Combination of beams supported by columns and foundation will be used.
Also, reinforced concrete is more secure compared to other construction
materials due to the presence of steel inside the concrete which is needed
for a jail facility.

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT

Elevated Water Tank

Main water supply will be distributed from a pressurized or gravity-fed


system. The water will be distributed by gravity to the various parts of the
jail. An elevated tank will provide the pressure needed to supply buildings
at ground level.
Water Pump will also be used to fill the storage tank and to feed the
internal distribution network while a cistern tank or underground reservoirs
can be filled overnight when there is less demand for water and sufficient
pressure.

Rainwater Harvester

Rainwater Collection System will be implemented using large barrels above


the structures to provide free alternative water. Waters collected through
the barrels will be used for cleaning, laundry, bathing and irrigation as
these activities doesnt require clean water unlike cooking. These will help
the facility to conserve and provide the inmates extra water during
emergency situations.

UTILITY CONCEPT