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Supervisor Name:

Dr. Abdul Rasheed


Co-Supervisor Name:
Saima Habib

TWO STAGE
ISOLATED SWITCH
MODE POWER
SUPPLY
Group Members:
Alamzeb Khan Jadoon FA11-BEE-003
Adnan Durrani
FA11-BEE-002
Sheraz Amin
FA11-BEE-008

GOAL

Designing of 500 watt DC power supply.


An efficient design, smaller size and less
weight .

BLOCK DIAGRAM:
RectifiAC Input cation
and
Filteration

Boost
converter

High
DC Output
frequenc
y
transformer

Full
bridge
topology

Feedback
Control
Circuitry

WHAT IS SMPS

SMPS stands for switch mode power supply.


SMPS uses aswitching circuitryto convert
electric power efficiently.
Efficiency of SMPS is about 80%.
Compact

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LINEAR AND


SWITCH MODE POWER SUPPLY

BOOST CONVERTER

The boost converter is working on the


continuous conduction mode.
Continuous conduction mode of a boost
converter assumes two states for each
switching cycle.

WORKING PRINCIPLE

In the On-state, the switch S is closed,


resulting in an increase in the inductor
current.
When the switch is opened, current will be
reduced as the impedance is higher.

TOPOLOGY USED

The topology we are using to design SMPS is


Full-bridge converter.
Full bridge converter has more than 80%
efficiency upto 1000 watts of power.
This topology isolates the input from the
output through a transformer.
We will be using ferrite core transformer
because it operates on high frequency.

FULL BRIDGE DIAGRAM:

PRINCIPLE OF WORKING

The capacitor at the input gets charge ,


resulting in operation of Q1 and Q4.
In the discharge of the capacitor or in the
next half cycle Q2 and Q3 will be in on state.
This results in producing a high frequency
square wave AC.
The output is fed to an isolation transformer.

SIMULATION

RESULTS:
Load Resistance=33Ohms
Pin=23.1 W
Pout=12.27 W
Current at Output

Current at Input

CONTINUED:

Inductive Load connected to Output (14A, 24


V DC Motor)

POWER TRANSFORMER

We are using a high frequency switching


power transformer.
We will be operating on 1.5 MHz frequency

RECTIFICATION AND
FILTERATION

We are using a Diode bridge rectifier for


rectification.
Rectifiers are Power diodes (5406)
For, filteration we have used a capacitor.

PULSE WIDTH MODULATION

Pulse-width modulation(PWM), orpulse-duration


modulation(PDM), is amodulationtechnique
that controls the width of the pulse based on
modulator signal information.
We are using the PWM chip for the generation of
switching frequency.

FEEDBACK

We have used a Opto-Coupler in the


feedback circuitry.
Opto-Coupler is use for protection purposes.
It provides isolation between the primary and
secondary sides.

EQUATIONS USED:

For boost converter:

For Full Bridge (inverter):

EQUATIONS USED:
Switching

Frequency calculation:

COMPONENETS USED

MOSFET (IRF740)
Power Diodes (5406)
Inductor (200uH)
Inductor (130uH,35A)
Capacitors (10u, 0.1u,1n,104p)
Opto-Coupler (4N25)
High Frequency Transformer
PWM Chip (UC 3825)
CT (25A,12V)

APPLICATIONS:

LCD monitor/ TV.


Portable charger.
LED lighting.
Home Appliances.
PC power supply.
Note book adapter.
Set top box.
Laptop chargers.

THANK YOU