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THAILAND

located at the center of


the Indochina Peninsula
formerly known as Siam
Thai means
independence
General periods

Pre-Khmer

Khmer

Post-Khmer

Pre-Khmer

also called as Dvaravati period

6th to 12th century

Mon culture language us based on Mon-Khmer family

Magnificent art temples, Buddha images, giant teracotta heads

Expansion of the Khmer Angkor into Thailand

Khmer

Thai speakers formed distinct state in


Nanchao in South China

lasted from 650CE to 1250CE

Kublai khan conquered Nanchao

Post-Angkor period

Thais formed their first real kingdom

Post-Khmer

Sukhothai and Lan Na


period

Ayutthaya period

First Thai/Siamese state


Golden age of Thailand

one of the most vibrant


trading centers in Asia
Thai began taking over
Khmer
adapter the hierarchical
style of government of
Khmer
Burmese conquered
Thailand

Chakri dynasty

establishment Of
Bangkok as capital under
King Rama I

Late 1800s

Thailand expanded in
all directions
conquering Laos,
Malaysia, Burma and
Cambodia
1932

Bloodless
revolution
Transition of
power

1939 Siam was


changed to Thailand

WORLD WAR II

Japan invaded Thailand


Thailand and Japan had a military alliance with a secret
protocol
Thailand declared war on the United States and United
Kingdom
Seri Thai
Thailand emerged as an ally of the U.S

Why THAILAND never colonized?

It served as buffer between French Indochina and British


empire
partly due to reforms and modernizations

signing on Burney Treaty uniform taxation system

reform railways and telegraph lines

Monarch

Parliamen
t

Senate

House
of
Represe
ntatives

Prime
Minister

Judiciary
system
Court of
Justice

Constitutional
Court

Cabinet
Ministrie
s

Administrative
Court

CHAKRI DYNASTY
Current King of Thailand - Bhumibol Adulyadej / Rama IX
Queen - Sirikit Kitiyakara

Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha

Appointed by a vote in the Thai House of representative by a


simple majority
Can be appointed twice and limited to maximum of 2 consecutive
terms
Must be a member of house of representative
Leader of the largest political party in the lower house
Can be removed by a vote of no confidence

Parliament House of Thailand


SENATE

Made up of 76 elected members

Other 74 members are selected from different sectors

Lasts 6 years
House of representatives

Made up of 375 members from single constituency elections

First Past the Post system

Other 125 members from Proportional representation by party


list

4 year term

Judiciary system of Thailand


Court of Justice

Largest of the court system

Makes up the majority of courts in the kingdom


Administrative Court

To settle litigation between the state or an


organ of state
Constitutional Court

Settle matters pertaining to constitutions