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ARCHITECTURE Page 1 of 2

 Alvar Aalto
 Frank Lloyd Wright
 Philip Johnson
 Ludwig Mies Van de Rohe
 Walter Adolph Georg Gropius
 Louis Isadore Kahn
 Ieoh Ming Pei
 Louis Henri Sullivan
 Le Corbusier 
ARCHITECTURE Page 2 of 2

  Kenzo Tange
 Minoru Yamasaki
 Robert Venturi
 Peter Behrens
 Norman Foster
 Mario Botta
Alvar 1898 -1976

Aalto
Finish Architect & Designer

Helsinki
University of
Technology
auditorium
FINLANDIA HALL - ELSINKI

ALVAR AALTO
ALVAR AALTO
ALVAR AALTO
CHAIRS - Designed by Alvar Aalto
LIGHTS - Designed by Alvar Aalto
Otaniemi 
Technical 
University 
Library

ALVAR AALTO
City hall, including public library 
Saynatsalo, Finland  built 1952  
Building Type government offices

ALVAR AALTO
Mount Angel Library · St. Benedict, near 
Mount Angel, Oregon

Worker's Club · Jyvaskyla, 
Finland

ALVAR AALTO
Riola Parish Church · Riola, 
Italy

ALVAR AALTO
The Aalto-Theater opera house in Essen, Germany.
overview from above, with town hall on the right, and library on the left · Seinajoki 
Library · Seinajoki, Finland 
ALVAR AALTO
Savoy Vase, 1936
Karhula Iittala Glass Competition
ALVAR AALTO
Nest of tables

Vase designs for Karhula-Iittala Glass Design 
June 1867 – April 1959

Hillside Home School, 1902, Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin
Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, 
New York

F. L. Wright
Falling water, Bear Run, Pennsylvania (1939) 
This famous Pennsylvania home has concrete slabs bolted into the hillside. Built in
F. L. Wright
Guggenheim Museum, at New York, New York,
1956 to 1959
F. L. Wright
F. L. Wright
Robbie Residence, at Chicago, Illinois,
In the 1940s, a group of scientists
who worked for the Upjohn Company
asked architect Frank Lloyd Wright
to design homes for a housing
subdivision in Galesburg, Michigan.
The scientists envisioned a
cooperative community with
inexpensive houses they could build
themselves.

F. L. Wright
July, 1906– January, 2005)

Postmodern AT&T Building, now the Sony Building , 
The Seagram Building in collaboration Manhattan , N.Y - 1978
with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Glass house

PPG Place is one of the major distinctive and


The Crystal Cathedral is a Protestant Christian megachurch in recognizable features of downtown Pittsburgh,
the city of Garden Grove, in Orange County, California. Pennsylvania,
March, 1886 – August, 1969)

IBM Plaza, Chicago, Illinois 860–880 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, 
Illinois.
Martin Luther King Jr. 
Memorial Library, 
Washington.

S.R. Crown Hall on the 
campus of the Illinois 
Institute of Technology is a 
National Historic Landmark

Van de Rohe
1883 –1969

Bauhaus (built 1925–1926) in Dessau, Germany
Gropius
The Fagus Factory (German: Fagus Fabrik or Fagus Werk) was constructed between 1911
Gropius and 1913
Gropius
Gropius
Gropius
1901 –1974

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, Dhaka hosts the national parliament of Bangladesh 
Yale University Art Gallery

Kahn
The First Unitarian Church in Rochester, New York , 1959

Kahn
The Kimbell Art Museum 
is situated in the 
Cultural District of Fort 
Worth, Texas, USA.

Kahn Exeter library New Hampshire
The Salk Institute for Biological Studies is an independent, non-profit, scientific 
research institute located in La Jolla, California
Kahn
1917-

Pyramidal glass entrance, Louvre Paris
Green Building, MIT, Cambridge,  John Hancock Tower, in Boston, 
Massachusetts  Massachusetts 
I.M.PEI
JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas,
The Gateway Singapore 
I.M.PEI
I.M.PEI Garden of Suzhou Museum , China Torre Espacio, Madrid, Spain (2004)
I.M.PEI Bank of China Tower, in Hong Kong (1982–1990 ) 
1995 — The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, United States; showing Lake 
Erie in the foreground
I.M.PEI
East Wing, National Gallery in Washington DC
I.M. Pei designed a museum wing that would 
contrast with the classical design of surrounding 
buildings.
1856–1924

Auditorium Building, Chicago
Van Allen Building, Clinton, Iowa (1914) 
L.H.SULLIVAN
Merchants' National Bank, Grinnell, Iowa (1914) 

L.H.SULLIVAN
National Farmer's Bank, Owatonna, Minnesota (1908)

Wainwright building St Louis (1890)

L.H.SULLIVAN
1887–1965

- Unité d'Habitation, Marseille, France
1947-1952 National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo, Japan
Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
Villa Savoye, Poissy-
sur-Seine, 1929-30 

spiral staircase

Le Corbusier
Villa Savoye, Poissy-
sur-Seine, 1929-30 

Le Corbusier
Church of Saint-Pierre, Firminy 
The Curutchet House in La Plata, Argentina

Chappell Notre Dame du Haut, 
Le Corbusier Ronchamp, France, 1950-1954  Villa La Roche gallery
Bauhaus Chair
Whitney Museum 
of American Art, 
New York
UNESCO Headquarters in Paris 
American Medical Association headquarters 
BMW building in San Donato Milanese
in Chicago
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
Kenzo Tange
Kenzo Tange
Fuji TV headquarters and Aqua City Odaiba 

Kenzo Tange
1912 –
1986
Minoru Yamasaki
Minoru Yamasaki
1925 -
R.Venturi
German Designer, 1868-1940
P. Behrens
30 St Mary Axe · London, England, UK
The Sage Gateshead viewed across the Tyne 
Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia, UK
N.FOSTER
New German Parliament, Reichstag, Berlin, Germany
Millennium Bridge taken from the 
Newcastle side
Traditional Islamic design inspired
the floor plans for two PETRONAS
towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Each floor of the 88-story towers is
shaped like an 8-pointed star. The
two towers have been called
cosmic pillars that spiral
heavenward. At the 42nd floor, a
flexible bridge connects the two
PETRONAS Towers.
In downtown Tokyo,
Location: Hong Kong the NTT Shinjuku
Architect: Cesar Pelli Head Office Building
Year: 2003 demonstrates the
Height: 414 meters Stories: 88 expressive
possibilities of a thin
metal skin.
Architect: Bruce
Graham, Skidmore,
Owings and Merrill
(SOM)

The towering Jin Mao Building in Shanghai, China


reflects traditional Chinese architecture. Year: 1999
Height: 421 meters , Stories: 88
The China International Trust and Investment Company (CITIC)
building in Guangzhou is the world's tallest skyscraper made of
reinforced concrete.

Architect: DLN Architects


Year: 1997 Location: Shenzhen, China
Height: 391 meters / 1,283 feet Architect: K.Y. Cheung Design Assc.Year: 1996
Stories: 80 Height: 384 meters Stories: 69
Also known as Di Wang Mansion or Di Wang Commercial Centre,
Shun Hing Square in Shenzhen is the tallest all-steel high rise in
China.
1905-1930: Neo-Gothic

The Woolworth Building 
The Chicago Tribune Tower 1911 -1913 New York, New York, USA
Cass Gilbert, architect 
Architect Shreve, Lamb and Harmon
Location New York, 1931 skyscraper
Construction System steel frame, stone
cladding
Art Deco
102 floors, 1252 feet, 381 meters high.
1925-1937: Art Deco

The Art Deco Chrysler Building has jazzy 
automobile ornaments
Emirates Office Tower and its smaller sister, Jumeirah
Emirates Towers Hotel, are soaring symbols of Dubai City.
Towering over the Wanchai waterfront in Hong
Architect: Norr Group Consultants Int. Ltd., Hazel W.S. Wo
Kong, the Central Plaza office building is 374
Emirates Office Tower Year: 1999
meters tall.
Emirates Office Tower Height: 355 meters
Architect: Ng Chun Man
Emirates Office Tower Stories: 54
Year: 1992
Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Year: 2000
Height: 374 meters / 1,227 feet
Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Height: 309 meters
Stories: 78
/Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Stories: 56
Taipei 101 Tower in Taipei, Taiwan is currently the world's
tallest building - if you count its massive 60-foot spire. Also known as the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower, the T & C Tower,
Architect: C.Y. Lee & Partner Year: 2004 and 85 Skytower, the 85-floor Tuntex Sky Tower is the tallest
Height: 509 meters Stories: 101 building in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
The zinc-coated zigzag Jewish 
Museum is one of Berlin's most 
prominent landmarks and brought 
international fame to architect 
Daniel Libeskind
Weisman Art Museum
At the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis
Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (1997)
Gehry-Tower. Hannover
The 'MARTa' museum in 
Herford, Germany offers 2,500 
square meters of exhibition 
Eiffel Tower in Paris, 1889