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Architecture des rseaux

mobiles
2
Fateh Allah Merazga

Plan
Evolution of cellular networks.
EPS architecture.

Evolution of cellular networks.


1st generation

AMPS (Advanced Mobile Telephone


System)
TACS (Total Access Communication
System)
ETACS (Extended Total Access
Communication System)

Evolution of cellular networks.


1st generation

AMPS (Advanced Mobile Telephone


System)
TACS (Total Access Communication
System)
ETACS (Extended Total Access
Communication System)

Evolution of cellular networks.


2nd generation
GSM
CDMA One
D-AMPS

Evolution of cellular networks.


2nd generation

Evolution of cellular networks.


2nd generation GSM/GPRS systems

Evolution of cellular networks


3rd generation
ITU R M687 defines the objectives to be met by
IMT-2000.
It forms a foundation for the subject of IMT-2000
Objective :
to adopt a phased approach for the definition of
IMT-2000. The first phase (Phase 1) includes
those services supported by user bit rates up to
approximately 2 Mbit/s. Phase 2 is envisaged as
augmenting Phase 1 with new services, some of
which may require higher bit rates;

Evolution of cellular networks


3rd generation
ITU-R M1457 This Recommendation forms the final part
of the process of specifying the radio interfaces of IMT2000.
It identifies the detailed specifications for the IMT-2000
radio interfaces.
The terrestrial radio interface sections are identified as:
1IMT-2000 CDMA Direct Spread.
2 IMT-2000 CDMA Multi-Carrier.
3 IMT-2000 CDMA TDD.
4IMT-2000 TDMA Single-Carrier.
5 IMT-2000 FDMA/TDMA.
6IMT-2000 OFDMA TDD WMAN.

4th generation (EPS)

EPS INTERFACES

RRC layer
TS 36.331
Scope
architectures
states
Radio Bearers

Services
Provided to upper layer
Expected from lower layer

RRC layer
scope
Radio ressource control layer is :
Radio Interface between UE or RN and EUTRAN.
Transport radio information between a
source and target enode B or between
different RATs when Handover occurs
(inter eNb handover and inter RAT
handover).

RRC layer
Architecture (states)
The main function of RRC layer is :

Assignement ,reconfiguration and release


of radio ressources for RRC connection
(Ressource blocs, channels,

2 STATES
RRC
IDLE

RRC
CONNECT

RRC layer
Architecture (states)
RRC_IDLE
A UE specific DRX may be configured by upper layers.
UE controlled mobility
The UE:
Monitors a Paging channel to detect incoming calls,
system information change, for ETWS capable UEs, ETWS
notification, and for CMAS capable UEs, CMAS
notification;
Performs neighbouring cell measurements and cell (re-)
selection;
Acquires system information.
Performs logging of available measurements together with
location and time for logged measurement configured UEs.

RRC layer
Architecture (states)

RRC CONNECTED
Transfer of unicast data to/from UE.
At lower layers, the UE may be configured with a UE specific DRX.
For UEs supporting CA, use of one or more SCells, aggregated
with the PCell, for increased bandwidth;
Network controlled mobility, i.e. handover and cell change
order with optional network assistance (NACC) to GERAN;
The UE:
Monitors a Paging channel and/ or System Information Block Type 1
contents to detect system information change, for ETWS capable UEs,
ETWS notification, and for CMAS capable UEs, CMAS notification;
Monitors control channels associated with the shared data
channel to determine if data is scheduled for it;
Provides channel quality and feedback information;
Performs neighbouring cell measurements and measurement
reporting;
Acquires system information.

RRC layer
Architecture (STATE TRANSITIONS)

RRC layer
Architecture (STATE TRANSITIONS)

RRC layer
Architecture (RADIO BEARER)

the 'Bearer' is a 'pipe line' connecting


two or more points in the communication
system inwhich data traffic follow
through. (in OSI syntax : connection)
The bearers carry :
Signaling (NAS and RRC messages)SRB.
User data DRB.

RRC layer
Architecture (RADIO BEARER)

RRC layer
Services
Services provided to upper layer :
Broadcast of common control
information.
Notification of UEs in RRC IDLE state
(paging , ETWS, CMAS).
Transfert of dedicated control
information.(NAS , and RRC messages)

RRC layer
Services
Services expected from lower layer :
(layer2)
PDCP: integrity protection and
ciphering.
RLC: relaible and in sequence transfer of
information.
MAC: radio ressource allocation.

RRC layer
Services

PDCP
TS 36.323
Scope
Architetures :
Structure
Entities.

Services :
Services provided
Servcies expected

PDCP
Packet data convergence protocol:
(Robust Header Compression Protocol)

PDCP
Architeture (Structure)
Each RB is associated with one pdcp entity.
PDCP IS configured by RRC layer

PDCP
Architeture (Entity)
Each PDCP entity is carrying the data of one radio
bearer.

PDCP
Services provided
Transfer of user/control plane data.
(maximum PDCP SDU=8188bytes)
Header compression.
Ciphering/integrity protection.

PDCP
Services expected
Acknowledged/unacknowledged data
transfer service. (each pdcp sdu is
numbered and buffered .PDSCP SDU
are kept until infomation of
successful transmission of PDCP PDU
has been recieved from RLC)
In sequence delivery.
Duplicate discarding.

RLC
TS 36.322
Architecture :
TM
UM
AM

Services :
Provided to upper layer
Expeted from lower layer

RLC
Architecture (TM Entity)

Status PDU
carry ack/nack
RLC PDU

RLC
Services provided
TM data transfer
UM data transfer
AM data transfer, including indication
of successful delivery of upper layers
PDUs.

RLC
Services expected
data transfer;
notification
of
a
transmission
opportunity, together with the total
size of the RLC PDU(s) to be
transmitted in the transmission
opportunity. (segmentation or
concatenation)

MAC
TS 36.321
Arcitectures
Services :
provided
expected

MAC
ARCHITECTURE (MAC entity)

Services
provided
Data transfer
Radio ressource control

Services
expected

Data transfer
Signalling of HARQ feed back.
Signalling of scheduling request.
Measurements (EX CQI;.)

Physical layer
TS 36.201 GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Services
provided to upper layers

Error detection on the transport channel and indication to higher layers


- FEC encoding/decoding of the transport channel
- Hybrid ARQ soft-combining
- Rate matching of the coded transport channel to physical channels
- Mapping of the coded transport channel onto physical channels
- Power weighting of physical channels
- Modulation and demodulation of physical channels
- Frequency and time synchronisation
- Radio characteristics measurements and indication to higher layers
- Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) antenna processing
- Transmit Diversity (TX diversity)
- Beamforming
- RF processing. (Note: RF processing aspects are specified in the TS
36.100 series)

Physical layer functions