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Architecture

Contemporary
Chapter I

PROFESOR INTERACTIVO

Architecture
Contemporary

The main idea of contemporary


architecture lies mainly in rejecting
historical styles. Facing classic trends
of the last third of the nineteenth
century, contemporary architecture
comes with a totally different
proposition to what already existed.

Architecture
Contemporary
The Industrial
Revolution and
the French
Revolution
brought about a
radical change in
architecture with
the manufacture
of new building
materials and
cheaper mass
production.

THE CRYSTAL PALACE / JOSEPH PAXTON 1851

Architecture
Contemporary
Moreover,
provided a more
stark vision,
generated by the
ideological
changes that led
to the formation
of democracies in
the world and led
the architects to
eliminate the
luxuries of the
buildings.

THE HOUSE OF BLACK MOTHER OF GOD/ JOSEF GOCR


CITY OF PRAGUE/ CZECH REPUBLIC 1911

Architecture
Contemporary
The neoclassical style was introduced
in the design of buildings seeking
purity of lines, so the discovery of the
ruins of Pompeii and other
archaeological treasures Greco
Romans was adapted to the new
times.

IT WAS AN ECLECTIC ARCHITECTURE IN WHICH MANY STYLES ARE MIXED

Architecture
Contemporary
The main
features in
construction are:
-Cornices and
friezes with
metopes and
triglyphs.
-Grecas
-Garlands
vegetables:
flowers, fruits...
-Palms y laurels

Architecture
Contemporary
And constructions
more used :
-Columns
commemorative
-Temples
-Triumphal arches
-Propylaea

The Great Arc de Trium


was the tribute of Napo
Bonaparte to his invin
army, but the Emperor w
deposed and died witho
seeing the colossal
work completed.

Architecture
Contemporary
The iron,
steel, zinc
and glass
were
becoming
part of a
new
design
concept,
closer to
engineerin
g that the
architectu

Since 1872 Gusta


Eiffel obtained
contracts
abroad, in 1877
is built a bridge
over the Douro
River in Portugal,
a steel single arc
160 meters.
In 1884 its factory
was already
famous in the wor
He melted the Sta
Of Liberty in 188
later worked
in the Tower that
bears his name,
and that was his
biggest project.

Architecture
Contemporary

BROOKLYN BRIDGE
Architects: John Augus
Roebling 1883
height: 83 metros
length: 1,834 metros
The engineering began to have a greater role, the economy of
means, the clean lines, the shortest time to its construction,
the easy technical and the lack of ornate ornaments that
gave the new materials. The world governments preferred to
invest in engineering projects for real estate development plans
and works, rather than architectural.

Architecture
Contemporary
They develop
great discussions
addressing
architecture, first
the Modernist
architects,
descendants of
Romanticism
and Symbolism.
On the other hand
the Rationalism
that raises two
clearly defined
movements:
Constructivism

Architecture
Contemporary

Modernism
developed
in Europe
and
receives
different
names. In
Spain,
better
known as
Catalan
Modernism
are
develops
mainly in
Barcelona.
In France
and
Belgium is
known as
Art

Modernism
1880 to 1902

Architecture
Contemporary

JOSEF MARIA OLBRICH 1898-99

The Vienna
Secession in
Austria is the movement that leads to Modernism,
that although this already had been developing for
some time, is the year 1897 when a group of
artists from different disciplines and led by
Gustave Klimt who pose open criticism of
industrialization and rescue craft of the work

Architecture
Contemporary
The most
representative
Spanish architects
are:

Vctor Beltr y RoquetaLlus Domnech


i
Montaner

Anton
Gaud

Architecture
Contemporary
Vctor Beltr y Roqueta
Born in the city of Tortosa
(Catalonia) on April 16,
1862 and
died in Cartagena on
February 4,
1935.
Watch detail
Tarraga House

Aguirre Palace, 1898

Grand Hotel, 1916

Architecture
Contemporary
Llus
Domnech i
Montaner
(December 21,
1850 December 27,
1923)
Born in
Barcelona, he
studied
architecture,
was chair
professor in the
School of
Architecture of
Barcelona.
From that

Holy Cross and


Saint Paul Hospital.
World Heritage.
UNESCO, 1930

Facade of the Palau


of Catalan
music,1908

Architecture
Contemporary
Anton Gaud
Catalan artist born in Reus on June 25, 1852 and
died in Barcelona on June 10, 1926, is the
greatest exponent of Catalan modernist
architecture and even the whole modernist
architecture, fundamentally so prolific in his
work, absolutely inspired by nature and rigorous
application of geometry and mathematical
calculation, physical in each of its buildings.

Haga clic sobre la imagen

Architecture
Contemporary
Art Nouveau
Architectural style is developed in Belgium and France.

Architecture
Contemporary

American House

Its main representatives


were:
Victor Horta (1861 GhentBrussels 1947), Belgian
architect, pioneer of
Modernism.

Architect House

Architecture
Contemporary

Hector Guimard (Pars 1867


- Nueva York 1942) is the
main representative of Art
Nouveau in France.

Castel Beranger

Architecture
Contemporary

In the Modern Style


mainly stands:
Charles Rennie
Mackintosh (June 7,
1868 December 10,
1928) was an
architect, designer
and watercolorist
Scot, who was of
fundamental
importance in the
Arts and Crafts
movement and also
was the leading
exponent of Art
Nouveau in
Scotland.

Glasgow School of Art

Architecture
Contemporary
Jugendstil
movement is the
Jugendstil es el movimiento
pacesetter
Germany,
que marca lainpauta
en
Austria and
Netherlands,
Alemania,
Austria
y en los
pases
bajos, destacndose
highlighting
in particular
particularmente la obra de
the work of Josef Mara
Josef Maria Olbrich.
Olbrich.

Amstel House, Berln

Wagner Apartment in Viena

Architecture
Contemporary
Joseph Maria Olbrich (18671908) Architect and industrial
designer born in Opava, Czech
Republic.

He was part of the rebel movement in Vienna, along with Josef Hoffman
In the beginning of this modernism appears Otto Wagner (1841-1918), f
movement. Wagner will also have a type of architecture that reacts agai
far from the traditional guidelines. Although attempts to infuse his work
continue to rely on the ornamental.

Architecture
Contemporary
Otto Wagner
Born: Penzig
(Austria), 1841
Deep: Viena (Austria),
1918

Wien-Hietzing Station (1898)

Karlsplatz Station (1898)

The Austrian Post Office


Savings Bank