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PHYSICS Mass and Weight

LEARNING
OBJECTIVES
1.3 Mass and weight Supplement
Core Demonstrate an understanding
Show familiarity with the idea of that mass is a property that
the mass of a body resists change in motion
State that weight is a Describe, and use the concept of,
gravitational force weight as the effect of a
Distinguish between mass and gravitational field on a mass
weight
Recall and use the equation W =
mg
Demonstrate understanding that
weights (and hence masses) may be
compared using a balance
Mass, weight and gravity

g actually has two meanings:

g is the acceleration of free fall (10m/s2)


Mass, weight and gravity

g actually has two meanings:

g is the acceleration of free fall (10m/s2)

g is the gravitational field strength (10N/kg)


Mass, weight and gravity

Gravitational field strength is the force


experienced by a mass due to gravitational
attraction.
Mass, weight and gravity

Gravitational field strength is the force


experienced by a mass due to gravitational
attraction.

Weight is the term we use for the Earths


gravitational force on an object.
Mass, weight and gravity

Weight = mass x g

(where g = 10N/kg)
Mass, weight and gravity

Weight = mass x g

(where g = 10N/kg)

W = mg
Mass, weight and gravity

Weight = mass x g

(where g = 10N/kg)

W = mg

W = 1000 x 10
Mass, weight and gravity

Weight = mass x g

(where g = 10N/kg)

W = mg

W = 1000 x 10

W = 10,000N
Mass, weight and gravity

Weight = mass x g

(where g = 10N/kg)

W = mg

Remember: mass doesnt change its


the gravitational force that may change
Mass, weight and gravity

Mass Weight
In space

1000kg Zero

On the

1000kg 1,600N
Mooon

On Earth

1000kg 10,000N
Mass, weight and gravity

6000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket
engine

Weight
Mass, weight and gravity

6000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket
engine

Weight

What is the
acceleration of the
rocket?
Mass, weight and gravity W = mg

6000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket
engine

Weight

What is the
acceleration of the
rocket?
Mass, weight and gravity W = mg

W = 500 x 10

6000N = 5000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket
engine

Weight

What is the
acceleration of the
rocket?
Mass, weight and gravity W = mg

W = 500 x 10

6000N = 5000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket Resultant force upwards
engine
= upwards force downwards force

Weight

What is the
acceleration of the
rocket?
Mass, weight and gravity W = mg

W = 500 x 10

6000N = 5000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket Resultant force upwards
engine
= upwards force downwards force

= 6000 5000 = 1000N


Weight

What is the
acceleration of the
rocket?
Mass, weight and gravity W = mg

W = 500 x 10

6000N = 5000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket Resultant force upwards
engine
= upwards force downwards force

= 6000 5000 = 1000N


Weight

Resultant force = mass x acceleration

What is the
acceleration of the
rocket?
Mass, weight and gravity W = mg

W = 500 x 10

6000N = 5000N
upward
force
Mass from
500kg rocket Resultant force upwards
engine
= upwards force downwards force

= 6000 5000 = 1000N


Weight

Resultant force = mass x acceleration

1000 = 500 x a

1000 = a
What is the
500
acceleration of the
rocket?
Acceleration = 2 m/s2
LEARNING
OBJECTIVES
1.3 Mass and weight Supplement
Core Demonstrate an understanding
Show familiarity with the idea of that mass is a property that
the mass of a body resists change in motion
State that weight is a Describe, and use the concept of,
gravitational force weight as the effect of a
Distinguish between mass and gravitational field on a mass
weight
Recall and use the equation W =
mg
Demonstrate understanding that
weights (and hence masses) may be
compared using a balance
PHYSICS Mass and Weight