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Digital Design

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LOGIC GATES

Kattaswamy Mergu

Lecturer

Digital Electronics and Communication

Systems

GOALS

Introduction to Logic gates and Classifications of

gates

Describe the behavior of a gate or circuit using

Boolean expressions, truth tables, and logic

diagrams

Describe how gates are implemented using

transistors

Applications in general life

Combine basic gates into circuits

2

COMPUTERS AND ELECTRICITY

Gate

A device that performs a basic operation on electrical

signals

Circuits

Gates combined to perform more complicated tasks

3

GATES

NOT

AND

OR

NAND

NOR

XOR/XNOR

Typically, logic diagrams are black and white

with gates distinguished only by their shape

4

NOT GATE

returns the complementary (opposite) signal as

output

5

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

6

AND GATE

If both are 1, the output is 1; otherwise,

the output is 0

7

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

8

OR GATE

An OR gate accepts two input signals

If both are 0, the output is 0; otherwise,

the output is 1

9

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

10

NAND GATE

signals If both are 1, the output is 0; otherwise, the

output is 1

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

Burglar alarm

12

NOR GATE

The NOR (NOT of OR) gate accepts two inputs

If both are 0, the output is 1; otherwise,

the output is 0

13

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

14

XOR GATE

If both are the same, the output is 0; otherwise,

the output is 1

15

XOR GATE

and the OR gate; they differ only in one

input situation

When both input signals are 1, the OR gate produces a 1

and the XOR produces a 0

(and only if):

either one input or the other is 1,

excluding the case that they both are

16

REVIEW OF GATE PROCESSING

Gate Behavior

NOT Inverts its single input

AND Produces 1 if all input values are 1

OR Produces 0 if all input values are 0

XOR Produces 0 if both input values are the same

NAN Produces 0 if all input values are 1

D

NOR Produces 1 if all input values are 0

17

CIRCUITS

Combinational circuit

The input values explicitly determine the

output

Sequential circuit

The output is a function of the input values

and the existing state of the circuit

We describe the circuit operations using

Boolean expressions

Logic diagrams

Truth tables

18

SUMMARY

Introduction to logic gates

Behavior, Symbols and Truth tables

Circuits

19

20

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