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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

& SITE PLANNING

Acutal Board Exam Problems on National Building Code Rules 7 & 8 and
Architectural Design Principles

Ar. Jerome C. Olos, UAP


The Architecture Comprehensive Course (ACC) adapted the system of the Architect
Licensure Examination (ALE) by giving the same type of questions and conducting
the same examination procedure.

Acc & ale


Two(2)-day examination

DAY 1-AM
History and Theory of Architecture
Planning Principles
Professional Practice

100 ITEMS

8:00 AM 12:00 PM
4 hours

The ALE
DAY 1-PM
Building Materials
Building Construction
Building Utilities
Structural Conceptualization

150 ITEMS

1:00 PM 6:00 PM
5 hours

The ALE
DAY 2
Architectural Design and Site Planning

200 ITEMS

8:00 AM 6:00 PM
11 hours

The ALE
Architectural design
and site planning
Different types of projects, depending on occupancy classification
Project-related questions

contents
Rules 7 & 8
Development Controls
Building Materials with Cost Estimates
Site Planning Principles
General Building Construction
Reading Comprehension

Required knowledge
Drawing and Measuring Materials
Copy of Rules 7 & 8 of the NBCP
Calculator

Required materials
You are not designing a project. You are to visualize a proposed project through
illustration and determine the required provisions as stated on the NBCP.

reminders
Sample
problem
The project
What to do?

List down the important figures and information relevant to the project

the Project
PROJECT TITLE AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION

PROPOSED 3-STOREY DUPLEX

the Project
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

A developer wanted to build a model duplex house on a lot in Marikina City zoned as R-2.
Each unit had a uniform 198 sqm. Lot area for a total of 396.00 sqm. With a 1.90% down
slope towards the street and 2% towards the east.

the Project
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM (continued)

To maximize the use of the lot, each dwelling unit shall be uniformly built with common wall
at the middle and will be allotted 91.00 sqm. per floor. Total GF will be 182.00 sqm. for the
duplex.

the Project
PROJECT SITE FEATURES

The Project Site is a rectangular inside lot with a frontage of


18.00m x 22.00m toward north to 14.00m RROW

the Project
PROJECT SITE FEATURES:

The structure will have a setback of 6.00 at front, 2.00 m at the sides and 3.00 m at the rear
area.

the Project
NOTES:

3-Storey Duplex
Zoning: R-2
Individual Lot Area: 198.00sqm.
TLA: 396.00 sqm.
Floor Area per floor of each unit: 91.00 sqm.
Total Ground Floor Area of each unit: 182.00 sqm.
Setback: Front @ 6.00m; Rear @ 3.00m; Sides @ 2.00m
The project features
List down the important figures and information relevant to the project

Draw or sketch the design of the project being described in the following statements.

the Project features


Each unit shall have the following features:
1. Ground Floor
a) 7.00m x 6.00m roofed carport
b) 3.00m x 3.60m entrance foyer and 2.40m x 3.60m U-stair abutting the common wall
c) 4.00m x 6.00x living area fronting carport and the side easement
d) next to the living area is 6.00m x 7.00m combined kitchen and dining with 1.50m x
2.40m toilet abutting the common wall and rear service area
e) Open service kitchen-laundry area at the rear yard

the Project features


2. Second and Third Floor (typical)
a) Two identical bedrooms occupying an area of 4.60m x 3.50m each located at the front
b) Master Bedroom measuring 6.00m x 7.00m located at the back with 1.50m x 2.40m
above and 1.50m x 2.40m toilet at the ground
c) Common Toilet: 1.50m x 2.40m

the Project features


GROUND FLOOR PLAN

ILLUSTRATION
GROUND FLOOR PLAN

ILLUSTRATION
QUESTIONS
What is the Allowable Maximum Building Footprint (AMBF) of the Project?

182.00 sqm.
Each unit shall be uniformly built with common wall at the middle and will be allotted 91.00
sqm. Per floor.

QUESTIONS
What is the actual Percentage of Site Occupancy (PSO) of the Project?

45.96 sqm.
No need to look at Rules 7&8 of NBCP. The ACTUAL PSO is being asked. Just get the
percentage of the AMBF in relation to the TLA.

QUESTIONS
What is the Impervious Surface Area (ISA) of the Project?

30.00 sqm.
Refer to the Rules 7&8 of the NBCP. Do not compute the actual
Key word: of the Project

QUESTIONS
What is the minimum Unpaved Surface Area (USA)
of the Project?

10.00 sqm.
Refer to the Rules 7&8 of the NBCP. Do not compute the actual
Key word: of the Project

QUESTIONS
What is the actual Total Open Space within Lot (TOSL)
of the Project?

54.04 sqm.
No need to look at Rules 7&8 of NBCP. The ACTUAL TOSL is being asked. Just subtract
the computed ACTUAL PSO from the TLA

QUESTIONS
What is the Maximum Allowable Construction Area (MACA)?

75.96 sqm.
Add the computed PSO and the ISA of the project
45.96 sqm. + 30.00 sqm.

QUESTIONS
What is the Floor-to-Lot Area Ratio (FLAR) of the Project?

1.50
Refer to the Rules 7&8 of the NBCP.

QUESTIONS
What is the Building Height Limit (BHL) of the Project?

3
Refer to the Rules 7&8 of the NBCP.

QUESTIONS
What is the allowable Gross Floor Area (GFA) of the Project?

594.00 sqm.
Refer to the Rules 7&8 of the NBCP.

QUESTIONS
What is the allowable Total Gross Floor Area (TGFA) of the Project?

742.50 sqm.
Refer to the Rules 7&8 of the NBCP.

QUESTIONS
Considering 1.50m eaves throughout the exterior face of the house, what is the applicable
total ceiling area for this project?

636.00 sqm.

QUESTIONS
Find the total number of 0.60m x 0.60m granite floor tiles for all the interior floor of 1-unit
only. Consider 5% contingency.

797 pcs.

QUESTIONS
Find the total number of gypsum board needed for the ceiling installation of the interior of 1-
unit only. Consider 5% contingency.

100 pcs.

QUESTIONS
Find the total number of gallons of paint needed to cover (3 coats) the ground floor interior
ceiling of the duplex. Use the ratio 20 sqm. per gallon)

28 gallons

QUESTIONS
Considering a uniform 0.13 m slab thickness on all floors, find the total volume (in cu. M) of
concrete needed for the construction of the ground floor of the duplex.

23.66 cu. M.

QUESTIONS
Considering a uniform 0.13 m slab thickness on all floors, find the total number of cement
bags (40kg) needed for the duplex. Consider 5% contingency.

671 bags

QUESTIONS
Which of the following is NOT part of the GFA?

a. Front Lawn
b. Toilet and Bath
c. Hallway
d. Bedroom

QUESTIONS
Which of the following is NOT part of the GFA?

a. Front Lawn

QUESTIONS
What is the best location of the downspout?

a. Center of the house


b. Property walls
c. Rear of the house
d. Sides of the house

QUESTIONS
What is the best location of the downspout?

a. Sides of the house

QUESTIONS
Which flooring material is the most resilient?

a. Vinyl Strips
b. Linoleum
c. Vinyl Tiles
d. Ceramic tiles

QUESTIONS
Which flooring material is the most resilient?

a. Linoleum

QUESTIONS
Considering the site orientation of the project, which direction does the amihan prevail?

a. Northwest
b. Southwest
c. South east
d. Northeast

QUESTIONS
Considering the site orientation of the project, which direction does the amihan prevail?

a. Northeast

QUESTIONS