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MALAYSIAN DRUG POLICY

CONCEPTS AND STRATEGIES


‘A MALAYSIAN VIEWPOINT’
Presented by:
DCP Dato’ Mukhtar Bin Ismail
(Deputy Director General)
National Anti Drugs Agency
Ministry of Internal Security
SELAMAT DATANG
MALAYSIAN DRUG POLICY
CONCEPTS AND STRATEGIES
‘A MALAYSIAN VIEWPOINT’
THE STRATEGY

To create a drug free


generation by 2015
OBJECTIVES

(i) To Provide/Increase
 Awareness
 Knowledge
 Understanding
 Skills
TO
 Students
 Teenagers
 Youth
 Parents
 Community Leaders
 Society
On the dangers of drugs
OBJECTIVES
(ii) To Strengthen the resilience of students, teenagers, youth and
workers through the inculcation of religious knowledge and positive
values.

(iii) To develop interpersonal skills to prevent involvement in drugs.

(iv) To develop positive and interesting alternative lifestyles.

(v) To plan, develop and implement intervention programmes.

(Vi) To involve all members of society.


GOAL

TO ENSURE:
 Drug Free Families
 Drug Free Schools
 Drug Free Workplace
 Drug Free Communities
PROFIL UMUR PENAGIH BARU
AGE PROFILE OF NEW CASES

14.60%
10.29%
18.16%

<13 thn
5.60%
13-15 thn
16-19 thn
20-24 thn
2.53% 25-29 thn
30-34 thn
0.01%
35-39 thn
40-44 thn
0.41%
45-49 thn
21.99% 6.19% > 50 thn

20.22%
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND OF NEW CASES

 No Schooling 2.63%
 Primary Schools 22.86%
 Lower Secondary 46.85%
 Secondary Schools 26.02%
 STP/HSC/STPM 0.67%
 Diploma 0.64%
 Degree 0.14%
 Others 0.19%
DRUG LAWS IN MALAYSIA

 Dangerous Drugs Act 1952


 Poisons Act 1952
 Drug Dependents (Treatment and
Rehabilitation) Act 1983
 Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive
Measures) Act 1985
 Dangerous Drugs (Forfeiture of Property) Act
1988
NATIONAL DRUG POLICY

• Prevention
• Enforcement BASIS OF THE DRUG
• Rehabilitation POLICY

• International  Supply Reduction


Cooperation  Demand Reduction
THE NATIONAL DRUGS COUNCIL

AND

THE NATIONAL DRUGS AGENCY


DECISION OF THE CABINET OF MINISTERS ON 7
FEBRUARY 1996

 The establishment of the National Anti Drugs


Council chaired by the Rt. Hon. Minister of Internal
Security. The Hon. Deputy Minister of Internal Security 1
shall be the Deputy Chairman

 The establishment of a new department in the


Ministry of Home Affairs, known as the National Drugs
Agency
NATIONAL DRUGS COUNCIL
(POLICY MAKING BODY)

OBJECTIVE

Eliminate the drug menace and


create a drug free society by 2015
NATIONAL DRUGS
AGENCY
(Coodinating Agency)
OBJECTIVE

To combat the drug menace and


creating a drug free society by 2015
TERMS OF REFERENCE
 Formulate and implement drug prevention programmes
 Formulate and Implement drug treatment and rehabilitation
programmes
 Upgrade the system for data collection and to carry out
research
 Evaluation of the effectiveness of all national research on
drug programmes
 Enhance regional and international cooperation efforts to
combat the drug menace
 Serve as a secretariat to the National Drugs Council
DRUG PREVENTION IN
MALAYSIA
OBJECTIVES

 to shape society’s attitude and perception towards


drugs;
 to create an abhorrence towards drugs;
 to involve the community in drug
prevention;
 to provide healthy alternatives for youths.
 to mould the young generation so that they will
stay away from drugs;
SCHOOL BASED PROGRAMMES

 Integration of drug abuse preventive


education elements into the schools
curriculum

 CO-CURRICULUM

 TEACHERS’ TRAINING
SCHOOL BASED ACTIVITIES

 Training teachers
 Peer group guidance training program
 Anti Narcotics Badge Scheme
 Drug preventive competition
 Students Intervention Programmes
 “STRIDE” – STUDENTS RESILIENCE AND
INTERPERSONAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION
COMMUNITY ORIENTED SCHOOL BASED
PROGRAMMES

 INVOLVEMENT OF PTA’s

 LEADERSHIP COURSES FOR STUDENT LEADERS


COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT

 SEMINAR FOR COMMUNITY LEADERS,


YOUTH AND PARENTS

 PREVENTION PROGRAMMES

 CONCENTRATED INTEGRATED PROJECTS


COMMUNITY AWARENESS ACTION
PROGRAMMMES

 PUBLICITY
 EXHIBITION
 TRAINING EX-ADDICTS AS KEY
COMMUNICATORS
 COUNSELLING
 SETTING UP OF DRUG REHABILITATION
COMMITTEES IN HIGH RISK LOCALITIES
TARGET GROUPS

 STUDENTS
 YOUTH/ WORKERS
 PARENTS/ TEACHERS,
 COMMUNITY LEADERS
ISSUES IN PREVENTION
• Developing adequate measures /indicators
of effectiveness of programmes
• Enhancing community participative
programms
• Ensuring sustainability of programmes
• Ensuring participation of NGO’s/Private
Sector etc
TREATMENT
AND
REHABILITATION
LAWS AND REGULATIONS RELATED TO
ADDICTION REHABILITATION

 Dangerous Drugs Act, 1952 (Section 15)


 Rules
i. Drug Rehabilitation Center Rules
ii. Drug Rehabilitation Committee Rules
 Drug Dependents (Treatment and Rehabilitation)
Act, 1983 (Act 283)
HISTORY OF DRUG TREATMENT IN
MALAYSIA
 This service first began in 1975 under the
Ministry of Welfare Services
 Drug addiction was assumed as a social
problem
 Treatment was handed over to the Drug
Treatment and Rehabilitation Division of the
Ministry of Home Affairs in 1983
 In 1996 this division was absorbed into the
National Narcotics Agency, Ministry of
Home Affairs
STRATEGY

THERE ARE TWO FORMS OF TREATMENT AND


REHABILITATION PROGRAMME FOR DRUG
DEPENDENTS

 INSTITUTIONAL (CONTROLLED
ENVIRONMENT)
- ONE-STOP TREATMENT CENTERS
 NON-INSTITUTIONAL (TREATMENT IN THE COMMUNITY)
- SUPERVISION
OBJECTIVES

TO REINTEGRATE FORMER DRUG DEPENDENTS


INTO THE SOCIETY AS FUNCTIONAL,
PRODUCTIVE AND DRUG FREE INDIVIDUALS
POLICY

Every drug addict residing in Malaysia has to


undergo treatment and rehabilitation for his/her
addiction for a specific period of time as provided
for under the laws and regulations relating to
treatment and rehabilitation
PHILOSOPHY

Addicts are not criminals but


persons who are in need of love,
care and guidance rather than
punishment
and rejection
CONCEPT OF TREATMENT AND
REHABILITATION

 Physical rehabilitation is based on


the “Tough and Rugged” concept
which includes military regimentation aimed
at instilling discipline

 Emotional & psychological


rehabilitation through
psychosocial approach
ASPECTS OF REHABILITATION

THE PROGRAMME IS DESIGNED TO UTILISE MULTI-


DISCIPLINARY INPUTS

 PHYSICAL
PSYCHOLOGICAL
 SOCIAL
 MORAL &
SPIRITUAL  VOCATIONAL

 RECREATIONAL
THE ROLE OF THE COMMUNITY IN
REHABILITATION

 PROMOTE AWARENESS OF THE DANGER


AND THREAT OF DRUG ABUSE/ADDICTION
 ASSIST IN REHABILITATION OF RECOVERING
ADDICTS IN COMMUNITY
 REINTEGRATION OF EX-ADDICTS INTO THE
COMMUNITY
 SERVE AS A ROLE MODEL, MOTIVATOR AND
RESOURCE PERSON
 ENABLE JOB PLACEMENT
THE ROLE OF THE COMMUNITY IN REHABILITATION

 ESTABLISH PRIVATE REHABILITATION AND AFTERCARE


CENTRES

 COMPLEMENT AND SUPPLEMENT WORK IN THE


TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION

 PROVIDE FINANCIAL AID/SUPPORT FOR VIABLE


PROJECTS

 ESTABLISH FAMILY ASSOCIATIONS

 PROVIDE OUTREACH (INFORMATION SERVICES)


AFTERCARE PROGRAMMES

THE AFTER CARE PROGRAMMES


ENCOMPASSES

 COUNSELING
- Individual JOB PLACEMENT
- Group
URINE TEST
- Family
SOCIO-ECONOMIC
HOME/WORK PROJECTS
PLACE VISITS SOCIAL
REINTEGRATION
ISSUES IN TREATMENT & REHABITATION
 MEDICATION AS AN ADJUNCT TREATMENT

 HIGH RELAPSE RATES


 PROVIDING TRAINING OPPORTUNITY WITH PRIVATE SECTOR
 ADVISORY SERVICE CENTRE

 IN SERVICE TRAINING FOR STAFF OF DRC

 THERAPEUTIC APPROACH TO TREATMENT AND


REHABILITATION