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ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTURAL PLANNING
ORIENTATION-this is the control of the effects of

the sun, wind and rainfall.

DESIGN-the modification of the effects of the

natural forces.

Example. Porch, roofs and other architectural ornaments

FENESTRATION-control and distribution of

windows for light, ventilation and heating.

WALLS-insulation and heating control.

COLOR-should be chosen for the practical and

expressive qualities : reflection and absorption of light.

MATERIALS

ANDTECHNIQUE-depends on the

nature of the materials used and the intention for them.

Types of architecture according to function


regalado trota jose jr. philippine architecture and society Domestic-the most important architecture to the filipino
which pertains to t house.

Recreation-a structure set aside for games, social events,

and other kinds of recreation in a public building.

Commercial-this includes the sari-sari store to the mall of asia, robinsons malls and other business establishments.

Religious- structures meant for worships. Form chapels to

cathedral.

PAOAY CHURCH, Ilocos Norte

SAN AUGUSTIN CHURCH, Manila daraga church, albay

Cultural meaning of architecture


architects help bring meaning to the material world by shaping our understanding of where and how we are
Geronimo manaham, the teaching of architecture

through architecture, we were able to distinguish the historical aspects of our nation. Houses and different structures from the colonization period of the philippines is at good conditions even now. These gives the idea on what were the past countries to colonize us through their architectural characteristics. Example

The spanish inspired houses (bahay na bato) of vigan. The government buildings which was patterned with the roman architecure Romanesque and gothic architecture churches scattered all over the country. Houses which is identical to the architecture of our neighboring countries.

Examples:

Taj mahal, india

Forbidden city,china

Challenges confronting the philippine architecture

The philippine architecture is being endangered due to the modernization of the present time.

new structures that are now being constructed within the parameters of the country were foreign-designed or influenced. traditional architectural styles were no longer widely used.

heritage structures were slowly being demolished throughout the entire country and is being converted into modern architectural building and parks. example: the jai alai building of taft avenue -a symbol of the commonwealth period in our nations history.

Completed: 1940 Architect:, Welton Becket a friend of Hollywood celebrities and designer of the homes of such screen legends as James Cagney and Cesar Romero, as well as of Los Angeles airport Style: Art Deco Design: The Jai Alais sleek, cylindrical glass front was said to evoke the velocity of the game, in which pelotaris use curved scoops to hurl a rubber ball at speeds of up to 200 km an hour against three walls of a court Status: Demolition began on July 15, 2000 on the orders of Mayor Lito Atienza

Jai alai building

Redefining the boundaries of philippine architecture


THE YEAR 2000 WAS A BENCHMARK YEAR FOR THE PHILIPPINE ARCHITECTURE,NUMEROUS TOWERS IN OUR CITY ARE FOREIGN DESIGNED, RELEGATING FILIPINO ARCHITECTSOF-RECORD TO THE ROLE OF GLORIFIED DRAFTSMEN, DELINEATING OUR FUTURE BUILDING AND SITES UNDER THE HOMOGENIZING OF WESTERN CULTURE ARCHITECT PAULO G. ALCARAZEN

OLDER GENERATIONS OF FILIPINO ARCHITECTS HAVE PASSED AWAY OR RETIRED INTO ANONYMITY WITH THEIR WORKS UNAPPRECIATED AND UNDOCUMENTED. YOUNGER TRANSITIONAL GENERATION IS PRACTICING BASED ON SHEER TALENT,REHASHING STYLES AND FORMS ABSORBED FORM OVERSEAS.

The goal of filipino architecture has been to produce goods for the consumption rather than to cfreate environments that elevates our culture and to discover viable patterns of increasingly dense urban life in the tropics. Our school of architecture and the various related professional organizations have taken steps to acknowledge to reexamine their environmental and social responsibilities due to the tragedies like the payatas and the cherry hills incidents. Housing for the filipino masses remains an unattainable dream.

Philippine architecture should be rebuild on the debris of a shattered economy and shore up the foundations with a conserved heritage and a more substantial intellectual discourse. Academe and professional associations must endeavor to reorient the occidental inclinations of filipino clients and the public, along with retrofitting the mindsets of the filipino architects themselves.

the next years should bring a perceptive shift in the way we view our architecture and the process with which we produce our knowledge, our practice and our experience of it architect paulo g. alcarazen

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