You are on page 1of 57

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Canadian Approach to the Architecture Framework


Coalition Architecture Interoperability Working Group 19-21 January 2005

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Outline

EA Usage Requirements Requirements and Capabilities - Definitions Development Approach


DADM SOA Services and Enablers

Next Steps

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

The View of Architecture, or is it,


ID LIKE TO START WITH AN ARCHITECTURE DIAGRAM. ARCHITECTURALLY INTEGRATED SYNCHRONIZED DIGITIZED ELECTRONIC BATTLE-SPACE

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

an Architectural View?
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Enterprise Architecture

A strategic information asset base, which defines the business, the information necessary to operate the business, the technologies necessary to support the business operations, and the transitional processes necessary for implementing new technologies in response to the changing business needs. It is a representation or blueprint.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

But Really, What is it?

Enterprise Architecture is Information about the Enterprise. (Enterprise Engineering) Enterprise Architecture is NOT Enterprise Information. (Information Management)
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

STRATEGY

EA Use
Stakeholder
(User)

Issues

TARGETS
Makes a Decision

Solutions

Identifies an Issue

Define Requirements/ Business Drivers

Deliver Options/ Recommendations

Analysis

EA Services
Conduct an analysis using

Apple-to-Apple Analysis

Framework

Standardized Views

EA Products

Standardized Reports

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

The Challenge

Andy,
project proposal

Requirements Definition
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Why We Define Requirements

Job Requirement: I want a boss who is better than the old one
Meet your new Boss. I used the requirements statement you submitted. our

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Architectural Frameworks
Operational View
Operational tasks, elements and information flows required to accomplish military operation
Command Command Op Concept Op Concept Relationships Relationships OpNode OpNode Activity Activity Op Event/ Connectivity Op Event/ Connectivity Model Model Trace Trace Op Info Op Info Logical Logical Exchange Exchange Op State Data Op State Data Transition Model Transition Op Rules Model Op Rules
of ls ve Le ge d an an h g Ex c sin n ew es tio n ts gy N lo nd oc a e m no a Pr fo rm ire ch it y In equ Te abil s R sic ort itie Ba pp bil Su apa C

Operational View
P Le ro c Ex ve ess ch ls o in Sy an f g a N st e ge Inf nd an ode ms Re orm Int d s, As q u ati er Re A s ire on n o qu ct iv oc da m ire itie iat l en m s ion ts en , N s ts ee to d li ne s,

Identifies Warfighter Relationships and Information Needs

TOGAF
Systems View
Systems and interconnections providing for or supporting military & civil operations

Systems View
Relates Capabilities and Characteristics to Operational Requirements

Specific Capabilities Identified to Satisfy InformationExchange Levels and Other Operational Requirements

Technical View
Prescribes Standards and Conventions

Technical Criteria Governing Interoperable Implementation/ Procurement of the Selected System Capabilities

NAF

DoD AF

Physical Physical System Tech System Tech Data Model Data Model Forecast Forecast System Sys Node System System Sys Node System Performance Connectivity System Event/ Performance Rules Connectivity System Event/ Rules System Info Trace Desc Element System Info Trace Desc Element Exchange Iface Exchange Iface System System Op Activity Op Activity Functionality Functionality -to-toSystem System State System Func State System Func Evaluation Evaluation Transitions Minimal set of rules governing Transitions

Technical View
and

Technology Architecture Architecture Profile Profile

the arrangement, interaction Interdependent pieces of system components Technology or elements


Standards Standards Technology Technology Forecast Forecast

Zachman

FEAF
How, Where, and When

TEAF

Functional
What, How Much, and How Frequently

Information

Who and Why

Organizational

Enabler

Infrastructure

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Architectural Framework Components


View: A perspective, created using a subset of products, from
which an architecture may be organized to ensure that a general area of interest is considered in a coherent manner. A view is a perspective that is independent of time but will normally be linked to time in order to provide relevance.

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Product: A perspective, created using a subset of elements, from


which an architecture may be analyzed to ensure that a specific topic is considered in a coherent manner.

Element: A basic unit of information that is generic in nature yet


has a specific relationship to one or many other elements. Elements are characterized by attributes that are populated with data items of distinct units and values.

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

10

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

BOST(IS)
Business View Business View Operational View

Information View

Security View

System View

Technical View
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

11

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Classes of Architecture

Reference Architecture: The doctrinal basis of architectures represented by elements, products and views that are interrelational and are used to capture the information required to represent the as-is and target architectures. As-Is (Baseline) Architecture: A description of the fielded "as-is" architecture that represents the existing enterprise, the current business practices and technical infrastructure. A specification or product that has been formally reviewed and agreed upon, that thereafter serves as the basis for further development and that can be changed only through formal change control procedures or a type of procedure such as configuration management. Target Architecture: Representation of a desired future state or to be built for the enterprise within the context of the strategic direction.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

12

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Frameworks & Classes of Architecture


Timeless (Reference) Based on

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Products

Temporal (As-Is, Targets & Reference) Queries

Defence Architecture Data Model (DADM)

Defines structure of and resides in

Defence Architecture Repository (DAR)

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

13

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Definitions

Military Requirement:
An essential condition that a system has to satisfy. (Defence Terminology Bank) An established need justifying the timely allocation of resources to achieve a capability to accomplish approved military objectives, missions, or tasks. Also called operational requirement. (DOD, NATO)

Requirement: (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary)


Something wanted or needed. Something essential to the existence or occurrence of something else.

Capability: (Defence Terminology Bank)


The ability of an item to meet a service demand of given quantitative characteristics under given internal conditions.

Capability: (DOD)
The ability to execute a specified course of action. (A capability may or may not be accompanied by an intention.)

Capability: (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary)


The facility or potential for an indicated use or deployment The power or ability to do something.

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

14

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

How We Describe Our Architecture Now

No Common Definitions No Common Descriptions


Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

15

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

The Challenge
What the Architect Translated: Style: Rustic Living Area: 2,000-2,500 sq. ft. # of Floors: 2 or 3 # of Bedrooms: 4 # of Bathrooms: 2 or more Special Considerations: under $200,000

What the Client Said: Id like to build a house in the country on a piece of land my grandfather left me. My wife and three teenage children want to be able to spread out and enjoy the relaxed atmosphere. We all need our own space and privacy but I dont want to spend a bundle.

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

16

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

The Push-Back to the Client


The Option Presented: Style: Cottage Living Area: 2,035 sq. ft. # of Floors: 2 or 3 # of Bedrooms: 3 # of Bathrooms: 2 or more Special Considerations: Cost $350,000 Time to Build: 1 year

What the Client Cares About:

Requirements meet Picture Price Time

http://www.architecturaldesigns.com/editors-pick-house-plan-4687pr.asp#d

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

17

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

How Can We Compare Requirements

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

18

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Must Compare Like Things

Using common well-defined pieces, Across requirements


Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

19

What Does Lego Teach Us? (Architecture) Finite types of pieces Standardized dimensions Standardized attributes Common understanding Anyone can build it What Do We Want to Do? (Requirements) Multiple tasks/services Infinite options What Can We Do? (Capabilities) Limited quantities Must make choices

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

21

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

23

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Analysis/Comparison Framework

Personnel Research & Development/Operational Research Infrastructure & Organization Concepts Doctrine & Collective Training Information Technology Infrastructure Equipment

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

24

Level of Service

DAE

Search and Rescue in Canada

Disaster Relief in Canada International Humanitarian Assistance Surveillance/Control of Canadian Territory Evacuation of Canadians Oversees Peace Support Operations (Peacekeeping) Aid of the Civil Power National Sovereignty/Interest Enforcement Peace Support Operations (Peace Enforcement) Defence of North America

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

100% Service Definition

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Requirement Definition

Force Planning Scenarios


Collective Defence

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DEA

25

Level of Service

DAE

Search and Rescue in Canada

Disaster Relief in Canada International Humanitarian Assistance Surveillance/Control of Canadian Territory Evacuation of Canadians Oversees Peace Support Operations (Peacekeeping) Aid of the Civil Power National Sovereignty/Interest Enforcement Peace Support Operations (Peace Enforcement) Defence of North America

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Capabilities Assessment

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Capability Assessment

Force Planning Scenarios


Collective Defence

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DEA

26

Level of Service

DAE

Search and Rescue in Canada Disaster Relief in Canada International Humanitarian Assistance Surveillance/Control of Canadian Territory Evacuation of Canadians Oversees Peace Support Operations (Peacekeeping) Aid of the Civil Power National Sovereignty/Interest Enforcement Peace Support Operations (Peace Enforcement) Defence of North America

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Capabilities Assessment

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Capability Assessment

Force Planning Scenarios


Collective Defence

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DEA

27

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Format For Comparison of Options

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Capabilities
PRICIE
Personnel Research & Development/Operational Research Infrastructure & Organization Concepts Doctrine & Collective Training Information Technology Infrastructure Equipment, Supplies & Services

DOTMLPF
Doctrine Organization Training Materiel Leadership Personnel Facilities

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

28

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Business Views

P R I C I E
From DODAF Volume 1

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

29

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

EA Development Methodology

SOA Approach Use a sub-set of our DADM Define the axis values Commanders fill in the content

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

30

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Examples of Services Model

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

31

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

A Series of Analytical Matrices


Service Service

Service

Project

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Location

Function

32

Applications Applications

Distributed Web-centric

Applications

In rn t te e In n t tra e E nt xtra e E o m rce Cm e P rta o ls D istrib te O je u d b ct Cmu g o p tin D istrib te D ta a u d a b se R m te P ce u e o ro d re Cmu g o p tin C n lize A p tio s e tra d p lica n L h C n (M ta m ) ig t lie t e fra e A p tio s p lica n O lin A a n e n lytica l P ce ro ssin (O A ) a d g L P n D cisio S p o e n u p rt S yste s (D S m S ) R a T e A p tio s e l im p lica n E e S xp rt yste s m E te rise R so rce n rp e u P n in (E P la n g R ) S yste s m A I's P R m te P ce u C lls e o ro d re a T n ctio E lo n ra sa n xp sio In rfa e g e te ce n in s S e scra in cre n p g T rm a in g tio e in l te ra n T n ctio P ce ra sa n ro ssin g M n rs (T M o ito P ) M ssa e b se o e g a d r S cke C n e n o t o n ctio s E ctro ic D ta le n a In rch n e (E I) te a g D N tifica n S rv s o tio e ice U o G u w re se f ro p a U o D cto s se f ire rie D ta a ss a cce D ta tra sla n a d a n tio n m p in ap g T rm a e in l in g tio /e u tio te ra n m la n Fro t-e d g o e n n in th r a p tio s p lica n Aa n lysis a d D sig n e n D v lo m n ee p e t T stin e g T in g ra in

Application Domain

Application Interoperability

ation Tools & Methods

Asynchronous Communication

Communication

Synchronous

Business Rule Management

Reservations / Registration

Requirements Management

Configuration Management

Outbound Correspondence

Case / Issue Management

Inbound Correspondence

Call Centre Management

C sto e R la n ip M n g m n u m r e tio sh s a a e e t (C M R ) Contact Management Product Management Sales and Marketing Customer Analytics Brand Management

C sto e u mr P fe n s re re ce Alerts and Notifications Customer Feedback Customer Feedback Profile Management

C sto e In te u m r itia d A ssista ce n Multi-Lingual Support Assistance Request

M n g m n o P ce a a e e t f ro ss Change Management Quality Management

Governance / Policy Management

Partner Relationship Management

C sto e S rv s u m r e ice

Customer/ Account Management

Program / Project Management

P ce A to a n S rv s ro ss u m tio e ice T ckin ra g R u ga d o tin n ad n A to a n u m tio W rkflo o w Conflict Resolution Process Tracking

Online Tutorials

Personalization

Subscriptions

Management

Management

Self-Service

Online Help

Scheduling

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Draft

DND/CF Architecture Data Model Sub-set


Function

Stakeholder

Organization

Project

Service

Task

Location

Application
Is u

Creates Is used by

Information
is

Standard
Policy

sed by

Data

Technical Standard

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

34

DAE

US DoD AF CADM Key Entities and Relationships


Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DEA

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

35

UK MoDAF UDM

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Systems Management Domain

IME A L R N BE S R tio a e D p y d a n liz d e lo e E v o mn n ir n e t P r ls ota K ss io k C m o D fe s S f a o m n e n e otw re B s lin ( la s ie a d a e e C s if d n D s n te ) e ig a d R tio a e D c io S p ot a n liz d e is n u p r E v o mn n ir n e t C m o N S( la s ie a d o m n O C s if d n D s n te ) e ig a d Im r v dC m o I po e o m n T Inra tr c re( la s ie ) f s u tu C s if d D taC n eA a b a e tr v ila ility a d n P rom n eM n g m n ef r a c a a e e t D taC n e( p v m n / a e tr Im ro e e t Cmu rR p c mn o p te e la e e t) R m teA c s e o c es M b , Ti- a e S te o ile r b s d a llite C m u ic tio s o mn a n H S s mB c u F y te ak p B n w tho tim e f r a d id p iz d o d p y dc m s e lo e o m H hb n w th r u h u ig a d id /tho g p t S te a llitec m s o m Po c d s c r , re b r te te , e ue lia le M r A H S tc m ilitay E F a o In r e ok gth c s ifie te-n tw r in e la s d n tw r s e ok T c a d talin a tic l a k B y n L eo- ig t S tc mfo e o d in - f s h a o r UV As W e s C n e tiv ir le s o n c ity M r tio toIPV iga n 6 N tw r Q S( c B n w th e ok o in l. a d id mn g mn a a e e t) P b K y I fr s u tuea d u lic e n a tr c r n In ga n te r tio M r M s a in ilitay e s g g C s if dC m o eM il la s ie o m n - a R le a e S c r C m o e o -b s d e ue o m n M il a D c r S rv e ire toy e ic s ITS r ic s C n u ev e o tin ity ITS r ic s M n g m n a d ev e a a e e t n S p ot upr E c y tio nr p n M lti- e e S c r /P ile e u L v l e uity riv g d m n g m n I fr s c r a a e e t n a tru tue (C s if d e ig a do s m la s ie /D s n te n a e W) S D taC nid n lity ( P ) a o f e tia VN S c r I tef c e ue n ra e Inom tio E c a g S r ic s f r a n x h n e ev e

X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Incident and Problem Management

Forms & E-Forms Management

Network Infrastructure Services

Info Management Domain

Example
Collaboration and Workflow Remote Terminal Services Network Storage Devices Audio & Visual Services Office Automation Suite Communication Tools Electronic Commerce

Database Management System Platform

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Worker Productivity Tools

Presentation Domain

Application Domain

Distributed Applications

Capacity management

Records Management

Planning Applications

Web based Interface

Services Domain

Platform Domain

Enterprise Resource

Messaging Services

Network Domain

Peripheral Devices

Directory Services

Disaster Recovery

Data Management

End-user Devices

Web applications

Network Devices

Geospatial Tools

Server Devices

FAX Services

Multi media

Middleware

Transport

Software

Mobile

Services

37

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Next Steps

DEA
Develop initial DADM Develop key DADM entities (decompose and populate)
Services model Organization Project Location

DIMR
Provide Feedback based on:
DADM Entities and relationships

Initial matrix population Interface with clients (supported by an architect)


Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

38

Defend Canada & Canadian Interests & Values while Defend Canada & Canadian Interests & Values while Contributing to International Peace & Security Contributing to International Peace & Security
SHAPE FUTURE DEFENCE AND SECURITY OUTCOMES

New Outputs Stratmap English Strategy Map


Defence and Security Framework Future Relevant & Credible Forces Strategic Relationships Generate Operational Forces

Success in Commitments

DELIVER DEFENCE OUTPUTS

Advice
MANAGE PROGRAM RESOURCES

Deployability

Enhance Modern Management


PROFESSIONAL, EFFECTIVE AND SUSTAINABLE DEFENCE TEAM

Optimize Resource Utilization

Build Effective Partnerships

Promote Wellness & Health

Promote Continuous Learning

Foster Leadership & Inclusiveness

Recruit & Retain

39

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Program Activity Architecture (PAA)


What is the ultimate goal for the Program Activity Architecture (PAA)?
an authoritative list of program activities from which organizations will report to both TB and Parliament it reflects how organizations are structured and how accountabilities are managed it defines how program activities contribute to Strategic Outcomes it is bottom upand top down
* Source: TBS - Strengthening Accountability, Transparency & Decision-making: Back to Basics The PAA (February 2004)

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

40

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

TBS Results Logic for the PAA


Strategic Outcomes

Program activity

Expected result

Expected Result

Identify expenditures and accountability

Sub activity

Expected Result

Expected Result

Expected Result

Expected Result

Expected Result

Sub sub activity

Expected Result

Expected Result

Expected Result

Expected Result

Expected Result

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

41

DAE

Research and Development Operations Program Activity: DCDS 14 sub-activities 5 sub-sub Program Activity: ADM(S&T) 6 sub-activities Program Activity: CMS 5 sub-activities 21 sub-sub 11 sub-sub-sub

Maritime Command (Navy)

Human Resources Materiel Acquisition and Support Program Activity: ADM(Mat) 10 sub-activities 60 sub-sub Program Activity: ADM(HR Mil) 15 sub-activities 29 sub-sub 12 sub-sub-sub Program Activity: ADM(HR Civ) 3 sub-activities

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Land Forces Command (Army) Program Activity: CLS 6 sub-activities 43 sub-sub 2 sub-sub-sub

Communications Security

Air Command (Air Force)

Financially-Based PAA

Program Activity: CSE

Executive and Corporate Services Infrastructure Information and Environment Management Program Activity: MND Programs Program Activity: Program Activity: Associate MND ADM(IM) Program Activity: ADM(IE) 10 sub-activities Program Activity: DM 5 sub-activities 8 sub-sub Program Activity: Associate DM Program Activity: CDS Program Activity: VCDS 7 sub-activities Program Activity: ADM(Pol) Program Activity: JAG Program Activity: CRS Program Activity: ADM(PA) Program Activity: Exec Dir NSS Program Activity: DND/CF LA Program Activity: Chief Mil Judge

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)
Program Activity: CAS 4 sub-activities 16 sub-sub

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DEA

42

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

DND - Immediate PAA response DND provided quick PAA response to TB Aligned org structure and $ to a program structure Satisfied TB immediate request Easiest to do, uses existing budgets & costing approach

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

43

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Back Up Slides

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Enterprise Architecture

A strategic information asset base, which defines the business, the information necessary to operate the business, the technologies necessary to support the business operations, and the transitional processes necessary for implementing new technologies in response to the changing business needs. It is a representation or blueprint.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

45

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

But Really, What is it?

Enterprise Architecture is Information about the Enterprise. (Enterprise Engineering) Enterprise Architecture is NOT Enterprise Information. (Information Management)
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

46

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

What Do You Do with an EA?


Use the EA to make DECISIONS.

Analysts will use the EA to scope/produce recommendations, in support of decision makers, based upon products that represent the holistic enterprise from various integrated perspectives such that the risk is explicitly known and can be managed.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

47

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Problems

What are our real Business Drivers


Effectiveness Efficiency ROI Risk mitigation Joint forces, corporate (same as commands) NATO US (US Navy, US Army, US Air Force) Government (Federal, Provincial, Municipal)

Interoperability, but with who and what priority?

Processes dont roll up or down


Information still needs to be transformed manually

No legislated mandate
No Clinger-Cohen Act equivalent

Were doing EA development too slow! Were doing EA development too fast!
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

48

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

The View of Architecture, or is it,


ID LIKE TO START WITH AN ARCHITECTURE DIAGRAM. ARCHITECTURALLY INTEGRATED SYNCHRONIZED DIGITIZED ELECTRONIC BATTLE-SPACE

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

an Architectural View?
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

49

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

How Do We Represent an EA?

Through graphics, models, and/or narrative that depict the enterprise environment and design. An organizing mechanism for managing development, maintenance, and facilitated decision making. The Framework provides a structure for organizing resources and for describing and managing EA activities.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

50

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Framework

Definition:
A logical structure for classifying and organizing complex information.

Purpose:
To communicate, through a standardized medium, multiple perspectives of same object such that analysis and decisions are rigorous, explicit, repeatable and defensible.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

51

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Architectural Frameworks
Operational View
Operational tasks, elements and information flows required to accomplish military operation
Command Command Op Concept Op Concept Relationships Relationships OpNode OpNode Activity Activity Op Event/ Connectivity Op Event/ Connectivity Model Model Trace Trace Op Info Op Info Logical Logical Exchange Exchange Op State Data Op State Data Transition Model Transition Op Rules Model Op Rules
of ls ve Le ge d an an h g Ex c sin n ew es tio n ts gy N lo nd oc a e m no a Pr fo rm ire ch it y In equ Te abil s R sic ort itie Ba pp bil Su apa C

Operational View
P Le ro c Ex ve ess ch ls o in Sy an f g a N st e ge Inf nd an ode ms Re orm Int d s, As q u ati er Re A s ire on n o qu ct iv oc da m ire itie iat l en m s ion ts en , N s ts ee to d li ne s,

Identifies Warfighter Relationships and Information Needs

TOGAF
Systems View
Systems and interconnections providing for or supporting military & civil operations

Systems View
Relates Capabilities and Characteristics to Operational Requirements

Specific Capabilities Identified to Satisfy InformationExchange Levels and Other Operational Requirements

Technical View
Prescribes Standards and Conventions

Technical Criteria Governing Interoperable Implementation/ Procurement of the Selected System Capabilities

NAF

DoD AF

Physical Physical System Tech System Tech Data Model Data Model Forecast Forecast System Sys Node System System Sys Node System Performance Connectivity System Event/ Performance Rules Connectivity System Event/ Rules System Info Trace Desc Element System Info Trace Desc Element Exchange Iface Exchange Iface System System Op Activity Op Activity Functionality Functionality -to-toSystem System State System Func State System Func Evaluation Evaluation Transitions Minimal set of rules governing Transitions

Technical View
and

Technology Architecture Architecture Profile Profile

the arrangement, interaction Interdependent pieces of system components Technology or elements


Standards Standards Technology Technology Forecast Forecast

Zachman

FEAF
How, Where, and When

TEAF

Functional
What, How Much, and How Frequently

Information

Who and Why

Organizational

Enabler

Infrastructure

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

52

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Architectural Framework Components


View: A perspective, created using a subset of products, from
which an architecture may be organized to ensure that a general area of interest is considered in a coherent manner. A view is a perspective that is independent of time but will normally be linked to time in order to provide relevance.

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Product: A perspective, created using a subset of elements, from


which an architecture may be analyzed to ensure that a specific topic is considered in a coherent manner.

Element: A basic unit of information that is generic in nature yet


has a specific relationship to one or many other elements. Elements are characterized by attributes that are populated with data items of distinct units and values.

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

53

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

BOST(IS)
Business View Business View Operational View

Information View

Security View

System View

Technical View
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

54

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Classes of Architecture

Reference Architecture: The doctrinal basis of architectures represented by elements, products and views that are interrelational and are used to capture the information required to represent the as-is and target architectures. As-Is (Baseline) Architecture: A description of the fielded "as-is" architecture that represents the existing enterprise, the current business practices and technical infrastructure. A specification or product that has been formally reviewed and agreed upon, that thereafter serves as the basis for further development and that can be changed only through formal change control procedures or a type of procedure such as configuration management. Target Architecture: Representation of a desired future state or to be built for the enterprise within the context of the strategic direction.
Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

55

Directorate Enterprise Architecture

Frameworks & Classes of Architecture


Timeless (Reference) Based on

DAE

DEA

Directeur- Architecture dentreprise

Products

Temporal (As-Is, Targets & Reference) Queries

Defence Architecture Data Model (DADM)

Defines structure of and resides in

Defence Architecture Repository (DAR)

Director General Information Management Strategic Direction Directeur gnral Orientation stratgique (Gestion de linformation)

56