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Ethics & Politics

PRESENTED BY ASHISH BAGRECHA HARESH PANDAV DHIREN CHAUDHARI

Politics
On hearing the word politics, what usually springs to mind are images

of government, politicians and their policies or more negatively the idea of corruption and dirty tricks.
The word politics comes from the Greek word "polis", meaning the state

or community as a whole.
Politics implies measures which could and should, in the views of their

devisor, be implemented in the hope to create a better society, than that which is already present.
Basically, Politics

is a process by which groups of people make collective decisions. The term is generally applied to the art or science of running governmental or state affairs.

Political Ethics
Politics is the art of ruling and ethics is the science of good and bad

and absence of ethics from politics can usher into a reign of lawlessness, corruption and all around degradation.
In modern times, Ethics and Politics don't seem to be going together.

Politicians are generally viewed as the least trustworthy professionals.


There is no single definition of Ethics but it concerns itself with the

study of what is right and what is wrong. But who will determine what is right and wrong. What may be wrong for one it may be right for other; for instance demand for Telagana.

Current Scenario in India


Politicians in modern states wield a lot of power, practically absolute power

and absolute power corrupts absolutely. This is what we find around at the moment in India.

There is no organizational body, intellectual or professional that is free

from this degradation at present

Corruption has become a way of life in India and that too overwhelmingly

so.

The MPs and MLAs and all other so called representatives of the people do

not represent the voters any more. Neither do they have any sentiment of nationalism nor any humanitarian considerations. If at all they stand for anybody's interest it is for their own.

Current Scenario in India


Since elections determine the fate of politicians, the way elections are fought

and won determines the moral orientations of the contesting candidates.


Booth-capturing, intimidation of supporters of the opposite party, cash-for-

vote and bogus voting are freely resorted. Also, Elections today have become very expensive affairs.
During the time of elections, Often he will talk of the poverty of the nation, the

poor conditions of women and children in the country, the bad shape of roads, and a thousand other evils found in society.
Gandhiji's name will be liberally used. He would promise to establish a

Ramarajya once he and his party came to power. To each the voters' imagination, he would spend money prodigiously, using all he knowledge modern information technology is able to provide. Once he reaches power, he forgets his voters, and his promises and thinks only of his personal interests.

Effects of Politics without Ethics


Intellectual Effects - Individual initiative is not encouraged and real

achievements are not appreciated. Many brilliant, honest and hard working men of ability, in order to free themselves from such choking atmosphere go away to foreign countries.
Moral Damage- Political parties, in order to gain popular appeal, play the

communal card indiscriminately. But during the process they are immorally fomenting hatred in the minds of people. Also, the corruption that starts from the political field is disseminating fast. The consequences of the immorality the political leaders practice in public life, has its repercussions in society at large.
Economic Damage- Various anti-national deals continue to exist. The

apparent prosperity the country enjoys now is dependent on heavy borrowings, both foreign and internal. 2G-3G Scam, Commonwealth Games Scam, etc.

Top 10 Political Disgraces


1. The Emergency, June 1975-March 1977: It effectively bestowed

on Indira Gandhi the power to rule by decree, suspending elections as well as civil liberties, such as the right to free press.
2. Operation Bluestar, June 1984: It was a political disaster and

an unprecedented act in Indian history. Its aftermath and the increased tensions led to assaults on the Sikh community in India.
3 The Bofors scandal, 1987-1996: One of the biggest political

scams in the country till date, involving Rs.64 crore. It was responsible for Rajiv Gandhis defeat in the November 1989 general elections.

Top 10 Political Disgraces


4. Demolition of Babri Masjid, December 1992: The date has

remained etched as a blot in Indian history.The mosque was destroyed by 15,000 strong Hindu extremists as BJP leaders watched.
5. The JMM Bribery Case, July 1993: The democratic values of the

country were put to shame when the then PM P.V. Narasimha Rao was accused of bribing members of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha to vote in his favour in the confidence motion.
6. Fodder Scam, January 1996: The scam involved millions of

dollars in alleged fraudulent reimbursements from the treasury of Bihar for fodder, medicines and husbandry supplies for non-existent livestock. It forced Lalu Prasad Yadav, the then CM of the state, to resign.

Top 10 Political Disgraces


7. The IC-814 Hijacking, December 1999: IC-814 was hijacked by

terrorists and taken to Kandahar. The government was forced to release dreaded terrorists for the passengers. 8. The Arms Bribery Scandal, March 2001: Indias coalition government began to fall apart when video tapes of highly-placed officials taking bribes in arms deals were released in 2001, forcing the then BJP president Bangaru Laxman to resign. 9. Gujarat riots, February-March 2002: The riots were horrific blotches of communal hatred in the countrys secular history.Despite the killings of 254 Hindus and 790 Muslims, the state government chose to sit in a cushy corner, doing nothing to stop the wave of hatred. 10. The vote of no confidence, July 2008: Parliament was adjourned after BJPmembers waved around wads of money, claiming they were offered cash in return for their support.

Suggestions
1.Politics is system run by the people serving the role of Politicians. As

it is the problem of individual. So, solution also deals with individual nurturing. Education should instil Character of Individuals-There are two aspects to education: a. imparting Knowledge. b. instilling character.
2.Active participation of all- We make a big mess of our lives by not

actively participating in the political affairs of our country. We often give opportunity to people to betray and befool us by keeping us away from active arena of politics.
3.Need of Ethical Leaders. So, before we elect our leaders, we should

examine their qualifications. We must choose leaders who have a longterm vision and short-term plans to achieve it. They should have great personal integrity, and place the country before themselves.

Suggestions
4.Not see but to act -Should a councilmember represent the wishes of the

majority, even when he or she thinks the majority is wrong? Is it acceptable for a governor to appoint a family member to his or her cabinet if the appointee is not the best person for the job? Collective will of masses must be there and any representative misusing the office should be removed.
5.Regular Trials to convert politics to a neat game -When we reach to cleaning

of Politics . Proper implementation and functioning of Lokpal Bill.


6.Entertainment industry- It must show a good face of politicians bcz people

get influenced by what they saw there and this make public opinion.
7.Insight view- Whenever any rumour is heard ,everyone must not go on

elaborating it but find a decisive solution to it.

Conclusion
The politicians, most of them, are excellent leaders and often tend to work

towards the development of the society. These public leaders however, are also the true reason of the innumerable problems that we face today.
Most people, nevertheless, also sincerely fail to realize the immense

responsibilities and stress that our cunning politicians carry. While, most people yell and scream about their discomforts in the society, only a few realize the good deeds done by our politicians.
The politicians also never bother to clarify the core reasons for their failures,

until the issue is hyped by the people and later over-hyped by the media. Such situations often boost a common man's notion, that our leaders are good for nothing.
The political games and plots are certainly dirty and undoubtedly exist. And

although, it is true that politicians are corrupt, it is very harsh and uncivil to mention all of them in this category. E.g. Development of Gujarat under Modi.

Thank
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