Futurity2 min read
Food Cues Boost Our Cravings But Not Our Pleasure
Food cues—like smelling French fries or seeing photos of them on a menu display—can amp up our hunger and cravings, but not our enjoyment. “Food-related cues can make people want or crave food more, but don’t have as much of an impact on their liking
Futurity2 min readScience
These Genes Could Save Soybeans From Sudden Death
Researchers have found a gene in the plant Arabidopsis that could protect soybeans from diseases, like sudden death syndrome, that plague the plant. “We think we may find that multiple genes working together will build the resistance levels…” Madan B
Futurity2 min read
Oil From Cinnamon Drives Fat Cells To Burn Energy
Cinnamaldehyde, an essential oil that gives cinnamon its flavor, may improve metabolic health, researchers report. The ingredient induces fat cells, or adipocytes, to start burning energy through a process called thermogenesis, the research finds. Sc
Futurity3 min read
How To Cheer Up A Dolphin In Captivity
Researchers have created a new program to help a dolphin in captivity named Moonshine feel more comfortable. Although a chronic liver problem has confined Moonshine to human care for the rest of his life, a research team that includes University of F
Futurity5 min read
3 Things To Know About The ‘Real’ Thanksgiving
For many Native Americans, Thanksgiving is not synonymous with blessings and praise. Rather, the day is a reminder of a dark history that is rarely told in its entirety. Year after year, elementary school children create paper turkeys and dress up as
Futurity4 min readScience
To Eat, This Beetle Depends On Organs Full Of Bacteria
A leaf-eating tortoise beetle has a symbiotic relationship with bacteria living inside its body that allows the insect to digest pectin, part of a plant’s cell other animals can’t break down. The bacterium also has a surprisingly tiny genome—much sma
Futurity4 min readScience
How Climate Change Will Mess With Water ‘Recharge’ In Western U.S.
As the climate warms, the dry southern regions of the Western United States will have less groundwater recharge while the northern regions will have more, researchers report. “Our study asked what will be the effect of climate change on groundwater r
Futurity4 min read
Reducing ‘Stress Granules’ May Slow Alzheimer’s
Reducing “stress granules,” gritty blobs of RNA that form when things like heat, viruses, or toxins stress a cell, may be a new way to fight Alzheimer’s disease. A slice of brain riddled with Alzheimer’s disease holds two unmistakable hallmarks: ball
Futurity2 min read
Wheat Genome Comes Together Like Jigsaw Puzzle
Researchers have sequenced the genome of the species of wheat most commonly grown for making bread, Triticum aestivum. “After many years of trying, we’ve finally been able to produce a high-quality assembly of this very challenging genome,” says Stev
Futurity4 min read
Method Demystifies The Center Of Our Chromosomes
A new technique could give scientists access to the “final frontier” of our DNA—the centromere. It’s in nearly every one of our cells, at the center of every X-shaped chromosome, and it plays a crucial role in the everyday cell division that keeps us
Futurity3 min read
Babies Connect Similar Words By Listening To What We Say
Babies recognize that the meanings of some words, like car and stroller, are more alike than others, like car and juice, researchers report. By analyzing home recordings, researchers found that babies’ word knowledge correlated with the proportion of
Futurity3 min read
Tiny ‘Hashtags’ Could Catch Majorana Quasiparticles
New research describes how to coax “hashtag”-shaped nanowires into generating Majorana quasiparticles. These quasiparticles are exotic states that if realized, can be used to encode information with very little risk of decoherence—one of quantum comp
Futurity3 min read
This Kind Of Alone Time Is Linked With Creativity
New research links one form of social withdrawal, called “unsociability,” with creativity. Although everyone needs an occasional break from the social ramble, spending too much time alone can be unhealthy and there is growing evidence that the psycho
Futurity4 min read
Ancient Bacteria Shed Light On Turning Water To Energy
Researchers have traced the paths of three water channels in an ancient photosynthetic organism—a strain of cyanobacteria—to provide the first comprehensive, experimental study of how that organism uses and regulates water to create energy. The findi
Futurity2 min read
Colliding And Fusing Nanoparticles Caught On Tape
Researchers have captured organic nanoparticles colliding and fusing on video for the first time. This unprecedented view of “chemistry in motion” will aid nanoscientists developing new drug delivery methods, as well as demonstrate how an emerging im
Futurity3 min read
How Do Brains Drain? Not How Textbooks Say
Scientists have disproved a decades-old orthodoxy: Cerebrospinal fluid does not leave the cranial cavity via blood vessels, but instead through the lymphatic system. This finding has far-reaching implications in new treatments for dementia. The brain
Futurity2 min read
To Predict Population Booms, Borrow From Economics
A new “landscape portfolio” theory uses insights from economics to predict animal population growth and the spread of disease. The work melds Harry Markowitz’s “portfolio theory” in economics with ecological landscape theory to predict population gro
Futurity2 min read
These Black Friday Deals Can Trick You Into Spending More
Promotions that involve spending a certain amount at a store to get a gift card may make you spend more than you normally, report researchers. This is thanks to a phenomenon called “mental discounting.” “…consumers should carefully consider these off
Futurity3 min read
How Boosting Cognition Could Prevent Anxiety
People at-risk for anxiety are less likely to develop the disorder if they have higher activity in a region of the brain responsible for complex mental operations, according to a new study. “We are looking for variables that actually confer resilienc
Futurity3 min read
These ER Tests Don’t Actually Spot Heart Attacks
People who go to the ER with chest pain often receive unnecessary tests to evaluate whether they are having a heart attack, a practice that provides no clinical benefit and adds to health-care costs, according to a new study. Specifically, computed t
Futurity2 min read
NIH Funding Cuts Could Paralyze Drug Development
More than 90 percent of new drugs received funding from the National Institutes of Health. Now, US President Donald Trump’s proposed budget calls for cutting the NIH budget by 21 percent, or about $7.2 billion. “Cutting the NIH budget could dismantle
Futurity4 min read
Smaller, Quieter Wind Turbines Could Boost Public Support
Vertical axis wind turbines, which may have fewer effects on birds and nearby people, could increase public support for new wind energy installations, new research suggests. With global carbon emissions on the rise, wind power continues to be an attr
Futurity3 min readSociety
How Social Justice And The Environment Connect
In his new book, author David Pellow argues that environmental issues and social justice are connected. In What is Critical Environmental Justice? (Polity Press, 2017), Pellow, a chair in environmental studies at the University of California, Santa B
Futurity2 min read
Ancient North Americans Played High-stakes Games
From games of chance to tests of physical skill, ancient North America Indians took their sport and recreation seriously, research shows. “Games are ubiquitous. Every society seems to have them,” says Barbara Voorhies, a research professor of anthrop
Futurity2 min read
To Prevent Eczema, Promote Breastfeeding?
Futurity3 min readTech
3D-printed ‘Schwarzites’ Could Build All Kinds Of Stuff
Engineers are using 3D printers to turn largely theoretical structures into strong, light and durable materials with complex, repeating patterns. The porous structures called schwarzites are designed with computer algorithms, but Rice University rese
Futurity6 min read
Gene Mutation Extends Life And Health Of Some Amish
Scientists have discovered the first genetic mutation that appears to protect against multiple aspects of biological aging in humans in an extended family of Old Order Amish living in the vicinity of Berne, Indiana. An experimental “longevity” drug t
Futurity3 min read
Swabbing Dolphin Mouths Reveals Bacterial ‘Dark Matter’
Researchers have found two previously unknown phyla of bacteria inside the mouths of dolphins. A phylum is a broad taxonomic rank that groups together organisms that share a set of common characteristics due to common ancestry. The discovery of two b
Futurity2 min read
Here’s When To Buy LED Light Bulbs
A new study recommends replacing all incandescent and halogen light bulbs in your home now with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or LEDs. But immediate replacement is not advised for existing CFLs and LEDs, unless your main concern is helping to redu
Futurity2 min readPolitics
Algae Material Makes Pollution-fighting Particle Less Toxic
A nanoparticle that can help clean water of cadmium becomes toxic once taking in the metal. But research finds that organic matter, in this case from algae, reduces that toxicity. Nanotechnology plays an important role in removing toxic chemicals fou
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